Strategic Human Resource Management

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Strategic human resource management is the process of linking the human resource function with the strategic objectives of the organization in order to improve performance.

Strategic management
The word ‘strategy’, deriving from the Greek noun strategus, meaning ‘commander in chief’, was first used in the English language in 1656. The development and usage of the word suggests that it is composed of stratos (army) and agein (to lead). In a management context, the word ‘strategy’ has now replaced the more traditional term – ‘long-term planning’ – to denote a specific pattern of decisions and actions undertaken by the upper echelon of the organization in order to accomplish performance goals.
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4. Strategy implementation Strategy implementation is an area of activity that focuses on the techniques used by managers to implement their strategies. In particular, it refers to activities that deal with leadership style, the structure of the organization, the information and control systems, and the management of human resources. Influential management consultants and academics emphasize that leadership is the most important and difficult part of the strategic implementation process.
5. Strategy evaluation.
Strategy evaluation is an activity that determines to what extent the actual change and performance match the desired change and performance. The strategic management model depicts the five major activities as forming a rational and linear process. It is, however, important to note that it is a normative model, that is, it shows how strategic management should be done rather than describing what is actually done by senior managers. As we have already noted, the notion that strategic decision-making is a political process implies a potential gap between the theoretical model and reality.

Hierarchy of strategy
Another aspect of strategic management in the multidivisional business organization concerns the level to which strategic issues apply. Conventional wisdom identifies different levels of strategy – a hierarchy of strategy:
1. Corporate
2. Business
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