Strategic Human Resource Management Essay example

1594 Words 7 Pages
Introduction
An organization consists of several departments but working together towards the achievement of set objectives. One of the most important departments of an organization is the human resource department. It is mainly charged with the duty of, recruitment, promotions, placement and rewards in an organization. For an organization to maintain operations and increase profit, it has to strategically manage its affairs. This enables an organization to assess its strategies and formulate new ones hence meet the customers’ demands. Since employees implement strategies, they have to be informed of the strategic missions of an organization. Strategic plans by an organization are always aimed at gaining competitive advantage, as such;
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An organization can achieve this by applying the most effective HR practices among them; reward ceremonies, delight employees with the unexpected, acknowledge sharing, open house discussions and feedback mechanism, highlight performers, performance linked bonuses, fair evaluation system for employees, 360 degree performance management feedback system, safe, healthy and happy workplace and open book management style (Gireesh Sharma, 2010).
The major HR practices are; human resource planning, compensation, appraising, union-management relationships, training and development and staffing. For the attainment of competitive advantage via the department, it has to have in place both strategic thrusts and targets. An organization always has four targets that it can use for competitive advantage. The activities represent the company and both the downstream and upstream activities. The targets are; the company itself, suppliers, distributors and customers. A company can reach either forward or backward and hence shape the HRM practices of other companies. For instance, a company can train its store manager on merchandizing techniques and hence increase sales. It can also assist its consumers carry out performance appraisal hence making the customers competitive and increase purchase (JobsD.com, 2011).
An organization can apply two thrusts so as to beat the prevailing competition via the HR practices. It can be through differentiation or cost efficiency thrust. The…