Strategic Location And Energy Reserves

1177 Words Jun 29th, 2016 5 Pages
During his keynote address at the opening of the 30th Asia-Pacific roundtable, Malaysian Prime Minister said, “We will continue to rely on diplomacy and dialogue to peacefully resolve difference and disputes. We will do so in accordance with and in adherence to the norms, customs, and principles of international law" (Cheng, 2016). Disputes in the SCS have been a long-standing issues amongst claimants such as Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Indonesia, and Republic of China. Apart from territorial disputes, the SCS holds a critical geostrategic importance due to its strategic location and energy reserves (Kaplan, 2011). Increased of China assertive action in the SCS and reclamation work in Spratlys has disturbed the SCS claimants and its users. In early 2013, Philippines have initiated an arbitration case against China over maritime disputes in the South China Sea at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague (Xue Lei, 2016). Indonesia recently involved with the SCS disputes when Chinese fishing vessel encroached into Natuna Islands waters and Indonesian war ship has fired a warning shot toward the Chinese fishing vessel. Subsequently the Indonesian president visited Natuna Islands and held a meeting onboard the war ship as to send a stern warning about the country 's commitment to protecting its sovereignty (Gomez, 2016). In addition to that, the United States interest in the freedom of navigation with the rebalancing strategy for its strategic presence…
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