Reproductive cloning technology may provide a way for completely sterile individuals (those not capable of producing gametes) to reproduce a child with identical genetic make up as their own. It might be more reliable than current infertility treatments and in-vitro-fertilization (IVF). As explained by Smith:
There are some scientist and the public that concluded that human cloning would aid in the progress of genetic knowledge and human advancement. In John Harris article, Is gene Therapy a Form of Eugenics?, he brings forth the issue of disabilities. He advocates that if we have the genetic means to create people free of disabilities, then gene therapy eugenics should be allowed. This would be a form of reproductive cloning. John Harris wrote, “It is not that the genetically weak should be discouraged from reproducing but that everyone should be discouraged from reproducing children who will be significantly harmed by their genetic constitution.” 3 This would insure people with genetic defects to have health children. Even in Dan Brock’s essay he points out the positive positions on the benefits of cloning for genetic reasons. He admits that even though cloning is not the natural way for reproduction, it could lead to some good things genetically. Cloning technology could also teach doctors how to renew damaged cells by growing new cells and replacing them. The study of cell differentiation could be enhanced by studying the development of a clone. Cloning could be used to produce extra human organs or prevent hereditary diseases. This process even could be capable of reproducing someone who died to help alleviate the pain of loss. In a bigger aspect, some of our most talented people or genius could be recreated like Mozart or Einstein. However, as Brock brings his essay
Unlike some movies, cloning in real life doesn’t produce a full grown exact replica of someone. A type of cloning that occurs naturally is when identical twins are born (“What Is Cloning?”). Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a type of cloning that has to be done in a lab. In SCNT they take the nucleolus out of an egg cell, replace it with the nucleolus of a somatic cell (body cell with two complete sets of chromosomes), and make the egg cell divide into a blastocyst (“What Is Cloning?”).
For starters, cloning has said to solve the continuous problem of infertility by inserting a clone embryo into the woman’s body. This guarantees infertile couples a child, as opposed to wasting time and money on other painful and emotional procedures that don’t offer this guarantee. The next benefit offers an immense amount of growth in regenerative medicine and assists those with physical disabilities by producing clones of themselves. Why clone themselves if they have a disability? Scientists can use cells from the embryo to customize the regeneration of the new organ, tissue, or body part. As far as cloning an organ goes, this benefits the millions of people who acquired a disease with no cure. For example, diseases such as Alzheimer’s,
Human reproductive cloning is a type of cloning that involves somatic cell nuclear transfer and the embryo duplicates the genome of solely one parent, a type of asexual reproduction that is foreign to the human species. This form of reproduction differs from normal sexual reproduction where the baby duplicates genomes of both parents (Hayry 2003). Despite popular beliefs that view reproductive cloning as a carbon copy of human beings, in actuality it creates a genetically and physically identical twin of its progenitor but socially and psychologically it reproduces an unique human being (Morales 2009).
Clones are organisms that are exact genetic copies. Cloning originally started in the year of 1885, when a German scientist named Hans Adolf Eduard Driesch began researching reproduction. The process of producing a clone began a hundred years ago. There’s many different types of clones such as, natural clones, molecular clones, organism clones and even therapeutic clones. The first organism cloned was a salamander created by Hans Adolf. Years later, Robert Briggs and Thomas Joseph King clones a frog. Then, there was a famous organism cloned by the of name Dolly, who was the first animal sheep cloned. In order to understand the creation of life one must
hen people think of the word “cloning” they often have in mind frightening images of duplicates of humans in a kind of mad scientist experiment. In fact, many people were outraged when Dolly came as a result of a cloning experiment in Scotland (Brown, 2009). Therapeutic cloning, however, is completely different and does not involve the creation of a perfect copy from another human being. In therapeutic cloning, fertilization of sperm or eggs is not implanted into the uterus to create a child. Therapeutic cloning is a phase of a procedure known as somatic cell transfer (SCNT) In this procedure; scientists take a somatic cell from the nucleus of an egg (the nucleus contains genetic material) and then it is transplanted. In practical applications
When examining how human cloning can increase reproductive freedom, we must first look at what a clone is by definition. “Clone” in its verb tense means to make an identical copy of or in biochemistry, to replicate a fragment of DNA placed in an organism so that there is enough to analyze or use in protein production. This process can be performed for many different uses such as being used to grow in labs, embryotic treatments, genetic screening, anti-aging processes, and reproduction. It is important to note that “human cloning” of embryos will not produce an exact copy of an individual. Rather, it will replicate the same genotype to create a different individual human. ***As a reliable background, in this paper, I will be consistently referencing two main scientific articles. The first is from John Harris, a professor in the Institute of Medicine, Law, and Bioethics at the University of Manchester. His article “Goodbye Dolly” focuses on the nature and practicality of cloning. The other research article is by Alix Magney, a lecturer at the several universities who focuses on bioethics and medical health professionals, and highlights the investigations of the negative impacts of human cloning.
Cloning is defined as the “creation of an exact copy of a living matter, such as a cell or organism” according to Encarta encyclopedia. The copies produced through cloning have identical genetic makeup and are known as clones. Scientists use cloning techniques in the laboratory to create copies of cells or organisms with valuable traits.
Cloning is still not usable for a lot of reasons such as that it would cause too much social outburst, with how technology is today we wouldn’t be able to successfully clone humans anyway and animals can be cloned but at a very rare rate, trying to clone humans is so far a very dangerous decision as while we can clone some animals, humans have more complex DNA structure therefore making it harder to clone them, cloning costs so much money and right now the world could be using that money for better reasons, there could possibly end up being malpractice of cloning with people ending up with clones without their permission, there would also be misuse of the practice as people could mass clone and create an endless supply of fighters and so many people today believe that cloning humans would be unethical as it is against ‘God's will’, these clones would have to live up to their counterpart and that humans shouldn’t be cloned at all. With all these negatives, there have to be some positives, even if they aren’t enough to make clone worth it. Cloning animals could possibly stop world hunger and it could also help scientists learn more about animals as they could study animals that were specifically created to be studied, for humans it could open up a whole new way to save lives. It could accelerate healing times, it could answer the high demand of organ
Have you ever wondered what it would be like to have a second you? The process of cloning is something that is not necessarily very new but is something that is constantly being researched and improved. Most commonly in cloning the somatic cell nuclear transfer method is used.This is when you take a somatic cell(any cell other than the sex cells) from the person being cloned and a donor egg cell and extract the nucleus from the donor egg cell replacing it with the nucleus from the somatic cell. This fuses the donor egg and somatic cell together and next is placed in a surrogate organism that gives birth to that cell that was created. That is the process of cloning an organism. The world of cloning is new and mysterious but is something that could very
“Cloning is great. If God made the original, then making copies should be fine”(Douglas Coupland). Around the late 1800s, a man named Hans Adolf Edward Driesch showed how he can make an exact replica of a sea urchin by shaking it and separating the cells. When doing this, he showed that an embryo in early development can grow into its own organism because it has a set of instructions to follow by. This experiment was one of the first ever demonstrations of artificial twinning which recently jump started the research of cloning other organisms. Cloning can either occur naturally like giving birth to twins or it can occur in a lab where scientists are using genetic information from an organism to make another copy of the same organism. It is the process of making an organism identical to another and there are several types of it; reproductive cloning, therapeutic cloning and gene cloning. Reproductive cloning is started as a somatic cell nuclear transfer, the embryo is implanted into a surrogate and then it grows and
What is more, cloning a child could produce a tissue match for treatment of a life-threatening disease. Also, two lesbians could elect to have a child by adult DNA cloning rather than by artificial insemination by a man's sperm. Each would then contribute part of her body to the fertilized ovum, one woman would donate the ovum, which contains some genetic material in its mitochondria, the other woman the nuclear genetic material. Both would have parts of their bodies involved in the conception. They might find this more satisfactory than in-vitro fertilization using a man's sperm.