Strengths And Weaknesses Of Confucianism

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For all the strengths of Confucian attitudes toward nature, there are also weaknesses that must be recognized. As a governance system, Confucianism’s emphasis on hierarchy has served the programs of political elites, fostering a disconnect between rulers and the ruled. This pattern has contributed to poor environmental management over time, despite Confucian philosophy emphasizing unity between humans and the land (Elvin, 2004; Tuan, 1968). Even within a single tradition, Chinese environmental values are not monolithic. But clearly, Confucian values are insufficient by themselves to ground ‘Conservation with Chinese Characteristics’. Beyond Daoism, Buddhism and Confucianism, here wish to point out the multiplicity of beliefs about nature within the Chinese’s many ethnic nationality peoples that also…show more content…
The WTO (2001), however, defines sustainability in tourism literature as ‘Development that meets the needs of the today’s tourists and the host region while protecting and enhancing opportunities for the future.’ It is envisaged as leading to the management of all resources in such a way that economic, social, and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecology processes, biological diversity and life support system. Four different stakeholder groups have been identified for this study in sustainable tourism: the present tourists, the present host community, the future tourists, and the future host community. All of these groups have a legitimate interest in tourism development in their community because they can affect or be affected by the tourism business as a whole. Other major stakeholders are central and local government, the private sector, international organizations, public/private initiatives and traditional chiefs/community
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