In order to improve my instructional practices, I analyzed instructional data from district math diagnostic and proficiency assessments. The most recent assessment assessed student’s abilities to count, add and subtract, and their understanding of place value. My students scored below not only the other first grade students at the school, but also all first grade students in the district. 81.6% of my students could count, read, and write numbers to 120. This was an improvement from their diagnostic assessment. However, only 66.7% could relate counting to addition and subtraction, and only 45% demonstrated understanding of place value in two digit numbers.
Problem Solving, Numeracy and Reasoning: Helping to expand their knowledge of problem solving using stories, games, role play, singing and games. Making the child feel easy talking about and understanding the language of reasoning and problem solving.
of contexts, checking their answers in different ways, moving on to using more formal methods of working and recording when they are developmentally ready. They explore, estimate and solve real-life problems in both the indoor and outdoor
The math concepts taught in this lesson are teaching the students how to use certain math formulas, and practice addition and multiplication. It is beneficial for students to know what tools to use for capturing and displaying information that is important to them (Davis, 2011). The science concepts taught in this
2. A month after the classroom teacher completed the review unit for multiplication, we began long division. One student was having a very difficult time with long division. The student hadn't quite mastered their multiplication facts, thus, making the long division unit difficult. I printed out a multiplication chart which listed the multiplication tables from 0-12. The student completed the long division unit with confidence using the chart. Additionally, I created and located
Jazmine was introduced to two digit addition. My first lesson focused on drawing tens and ones to solve two digit addition. This strategy would provide Jazmine with the visuals she needs to solve the problem. First, I did a quick review on how to draw tens and ones to represent a number. She was given three examples ranging from easy to hard. Jazmine showed no signs of difficulty and was able to complete the task. Then, I demonstrated how to use the drawings to add two digit numbers. I explained how she must draw the picture for each addend. Then, I explained that she must count the tens first and then the ones. She smiled and said “that's easy”. We went through a couple of problems together and Jazmine displayed that she understood the strategy of drawing tens and ones to solve two digit
Students had previously covered the topic of developing fluency in multiplication by 2-digit numbers. After that topic students moved on to cover number sense, dividing by 1-digit divisors using mental math to prepare them for the following topic of my learning segment. The topic of my learning segment consists of developing fluency, dividing by 1-digit divisors. I designed my lesson as a three-day unit focusing on long division by modeling division with place-value blocks, dividing 2-digit by 1-digit numbers, and dividing 3-digit by 1-digit numbers. Students were introduced to division prior to my learning segment but the struggled to understand and comprehend division because students were only introduced to the division algorithm and were not provided with a mnemonic to help them recall the steps. Students also weren’t introduced to division with manipulatives or drawings. Therefore, I
In Section D, Daniel demonstrated a primary understanding of the multiplication and division concepts. Daniel can count group items by ones. He also counts one by one to find the solution for involving multiple groups when all objects are modeled. Daniel was able to use different strategies to count the cars in the boxes as he said, “I can count them by twos because there are two cars in each box,”
The author explains how many students, especially those in the focused-upon second grade class, have difficulty explaining their “mathematical thinking process”. While they may provide correct answers using memorized calculations, they are unable to demonstrate their conceptual understandings or explain how they achieved the right results. As stated by the researcher, “it is important for students to be able to demonstrate their mathematical thinking as well as their method of solving a problem” (Kostos & Shin, 2010, p.223).
When given a set of numbers, Brandon is able to count by 2's, 5's, and 10's to 100 with about 75% accuracy. Brandon has worked very hard his quarter and shown great improvements when telling time to the nearest 5 minutes. Addition facts have been a challenge for Brandon this quarter. He is able to answer addition facts that include +0, +1, and some +2. In order to answer all other addition facts, Brandon has been using the counting-up strategy. Brandon has been diligently working on learning and remember more of his addition facts. Brandon is becoming more consistent when asked to name and state the value of each coin.
For pupils to use a calculator effectively requires a sound knowledge of number. As children learn how to enter simple one step calculations that involve whole numbers, they can explore
Algebra is a critical aspect of mathematics which provides the means to calculate unknown values. According to Bednarz, Kieran and Lee (as cited in Chick & Harris, 2007), there are three basic concepts of simple algebra: the generalisation of patterns, the understanding of numerical laws and functional situations. The understanding of these concepts by children will have an enormous bearing on their future mathematical capacity. However, conveying these algebraic concepts to children can be difficult due to the abstract symbolic nature of the math that will initially be foreign to the children. Furthermore, each child’s ability to recall learned numerical laws is vital to their proficiency in problem solving and mathematical confidence. It is obvious that teaching algebra is not a simple task. Therefore, the importance of quality early exposure to fundamental algebraic concepts is of significant importance to allow all
Multiplicative thinking, fractions and decimals are important aspects of mathematics required for a deep conceptual understanding. The following portfolio will discuss the key ideas of each and the strategies to enable positive teaching. It will highlight certain difficulties and misconceptions that children face and discuss resources and activities to help alleviate these. It will also acknowledge the connections between the areas of mathematics and discuss the need for succinct teaching instead of an isolated approach.
Multiplication by ten gives students opportunity to explore larger numbers, and can also be extended on(Reys et al. ch. 11.4). In addition, multiples of 10 give students the knowledge that all digits move left one place and an additional place hundreths. This concept can be used to introduce the decimal place which is also moving place each time something is multiplied by tens. Exposing students to a range of examples which displays patterns that occur when multiplying by tens and hundreths will generate meaning of digits moving place (Reys et al., ch. 11.4).
Maths is ubiquitous in our lives, but depending on the learning received as a child it could inspire or frighten. If a child has a negative experience in mathematics, that experience has the ability to affect his/her attitude toward mathematics as an adult. Solso (2009) explains that math has the ability to confuse, frighten, and frustrate learners of all ages; Math also has the ability to inspire, encourage and achieve. Almost all daily activities include some form of mathematical procedure, whether people are aware of it or not. Possessing a solid learning foundation for math is vital to ensure a lifelong understanding of math. This essay will discuss why it is crucial to develop in children the ability to tackle problems with initiative and confidence (Anghileri, 2006, p. 2) and why mathematics has changed from careful rehearsal of standard procedures to a focus on mathematical thinking and communication to prepare them for the world of tomorrow (Anghileri).