Stress, Health, And Human Flourishing Essay

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Chapter 11 – Stress, Health, and Human Flourishing The major focus of this chapter was stress and the effect it has on the body. Stress is the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging. The concept of appraisal is the important part here. Stress can be affected through this psychological filter, either making the stressor feel threatening or challenging. The way we perceive it can have either positive or negative effects. Stress, when perceived negatively can lead to issues such as coronary heart disease or increased susceptibleness to colds (Myers, 2014). A Canadian scientist by the name of Hans Selye name the result of his research the general adaptation syndrome, or GAS for short. He described the process of stress as a 3-way process. There is phase one, alarm reaction, phase two, resistance, and phase three, exhaustion. Being unable to cope with a stressor and remaining in the last phase for too long can have negative health effects. Men and women both traditionally deal with stress in different ways. Men, and least more often than women, tend to socially withdraw, turn to alcohol, or become aggressive, while women more often respond by nurturing and bonding together (Myers, 2014). There are many ways to cope, or alleviate using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods, with stress. In this chapter, the three we discussed were catharsis, problem-focused, and emotion-focused.

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