Stress among Nurses

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Stress has become such an ingrained part of our vocabulary and daily existence, that it is difficult to believe that our current use of the term originated only a little more than 50 years ago. The term “stress”, as it is currently used, was coined by Hans Selye in 1936, who defined it as “the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change” (American Institute of Stress [AIS], 2012). When stress was first studied in the 1950s, the term was used to denote both the causes and the experienced effects of these pressures. More recently, however, the word stressor has been used for the stimulus that provokes a stress response. Stress is particularly acute among people who work in the “helping profession” (Isikhan, Comez, & Danis, 2004; Gilbert & Daloz, 2008; Siegrist, Shackelton, & Link, 2010) and can have devastating effects on healthcare staff and their work environments (Lambert, Lambert, & Yamase, 2003). Depending on the nature, intensity, and duration of the one’s relationships, stress can have negative effects on both physical and mental health in the work environment. The hospital environment contains a number of factors that are unhealthy and cause suffering in nursing professionals. In fact, the nursing profession is considered one health profession with a high level of occupational stress (Costa & Martin, 2011). Problem/Significance Stressful events are an inevitable part of life. Stress is the major factor that nurses have to frequently deal with in their
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