Stroke Prevention

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Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States (National Stroke Association, 2010). Stroke is also a leading cause of disability. Approximately every 40 seconds someone in the United States has a stroke which is about 795,000 per year (National stroke Association, 2010). The incidence of stroke makes it a major health problem in the United States. Prevention and early intervention is the key to reducing death and disability from stroke. Cost effective prevention strategies are needed for the delivery of stroke awareness and prevention. A priority of our health care system should be to educate the community about stroke risk factors and stroke warning signs to decrease potential death and disability from this preventable…show more content…
Non modifiable risk factors for stroke are age, gender, race and ethnicity, and family history. The risk for stroke doubles every 10 years after the age of 55 (Rosamound et al., 2007). African Americans older than age 65 have two to five times the risk of stroke compared with Caucasian adults of a similar age (Hylek et al., 2006). Hispanics have a higher incidence of stroke than Caucasians (Stroke Association, 2010). According to the National Stroke Association (2010), approximately 55,000 more women than men have a stroke each year. The target audience for this project will be people age 55 or older. All individuals may take part in this program regardless of age. Stroke warning signs are an important component in educating the community. Stroke warning signs include sudden paralysis, weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg; sudden blurred or decreased vision in one or both eyes; difficulty speaking or understanding simple statements; dizziness; loss of balance or loss of coordination; and sudden intense headache (National Stroke Association, 2010). Decreasing the time from stroke onset to hospital presentation depends on the stroke knowledge of the community. The act F.A.S.T. (Face, Arms, Speech, and Time) campaign promoted by the National Stroke Association is a great way to educate the public on what to do if someone is having a stroke. The acronym prompts people to look for signs such as a droopy face, numbness or weakness on one
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