Structural Failure And Its Effect On The Building

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Architects need to aim to have structurally sound buildings in order to prevent loss of money, supplies, and most importantly, loss of life. Structural failure occurs when a structure or structural member is unable to perform its intended purpose. This usually happens because of outside forces that the structure was not equipped to handle. Different causes for failure may be miscalculations of loads, incorrect materials, unskilled workers doing the construction work, or improper site analysis. Too often the site’s weather is overlooked, and possible natural disasters, and the loads and stresses they effect on the building, are not planned for. When designing for earthquakes, the structure needs to be able to twist and sway with the ground. For tornadoes, the structure needs to be secured to the ground and have impact-proof glass. When designing for buildings that will come in contact with large amounts of water, the structure needs to either be airtight, or sit above the predicted waterline. One of the worst things is when the reason for failure is understood, but then is allowed to occur again out of want for a lower cost or quicker finish date. Thankfully, many design and construction regulations are in place nowadays in order to help curb any structural failures that might occur when designing or while on the construction site. In the case of the Alexandria Lighthouse, the building was not designed to be able to withstand multiple earth tremors and excessive water damage,
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