Structural Functionalism And Conflict Theory

972 Words4 Pages
The sociological perspective is a way of looking at the world through a “sociological lens”. In order to best use the sociological perspective, it is important to use a “beginner’s mind”, which is essentially seeing things in a new light and leaving behind all preconceptions. The macro level of the social world examines large-scale social structures, while the micro level of the social world involves face-to-face and small-group interactions. Both macrosociology and microsociology attempt to better understand society, groups, individuals, and institutions. Some sociological theories are better at explaining the social world at a macro level than they are at a micro level, and vice versa. Structural Functionalism and Conflict Theory are best for macrosociology while Symbolic Interactionism is best for microsociology. The purpose of this paper is to explain how the sociological perspective has helped me better understand the social world on both a macro and micro level. Structural Functionalism is the idea that society is a unified whole that functions because of the contributions of its separate structures. In structural functionalism, society is a stable, ordered system made up of interrelated parts or structures. Also, each structure has a function that contributes to the continued stability or equilibrium of the unified whole. In order to better understand Structural Functionalism, it is important to point out that a structure is a social institution that is relatively
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