“Structural and Semantic Properties of Phraseological Units”

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МІНІСТЕРСТВО ОСВІТИ ТА НАУКИ, МОЛОДІ ТА СПОРТУ УКРАЇНИ ПОЛТАВСЬКИЙ НАЦІОНАЛЬНИЙ ПЕДАГОГІЧНИЙ УНІВЕРСИТЕТ ІМЕНІ В. Г. КОРОЛЕНКА КАФЕДРА АНГЛІЙСЬКОЇ ФІЛОЛОГІЇ Реферат на тему: “Structural and semantic properties of phraseological units” Підготувала студентка IV курсу факультету філології та журналістики групи Ін-48 Кваша Наталія Володимирівна Науковий керівник: доц. Алефіренко Л. Б. Полтава – 2011 Plan Introduction 1. Problems with the definition of phraseological units. The groups of phraseological units according their meaning 2. Ways of forming of phraseological units 3. Semantic structure of phraseological units Conclusions References…show more content…
A collocation is two or more words that often go together. These combinations just sound “right” to native English speakers, who use them all the time. On the other hand, other combinations may be unnatural and just sound “wrong”. Look at these examples: the fast train – the quick train; fast food – quick food The term “idioms” generally implies that the essential feature of the linguistic units under consideration is idiomaticity or lack of motivation. Uriel Weinreich expresses his view that an idiom is a complex phrase, the meaning of which cannot be derived from the meanings of its elements. He developed a more truthful supposition, claiming that an idiom is a subset of a phraseological unit. Ray Jackendoff and Charles Fillmore offered a fairly broad definition of the idiom, which, in Fillmore’s words, reads as follows: “…an idiomatic expression or construction is something a language user could fail to know while knowing everything else in the language”. Chafe also lists four features of idioms that make them anomalies in the traditional language unit paradigm: ✓ non-compositionality; ✓ ansformational defectiveness; ✓ ungrammaticality; ✓ frequency asymmetry. Generally speaking, the term “idiom”, both in our country and abroad, is mostly applied to phraseological units with completely

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