Structuralism and Interpretation Ernest Hemingway's Cat in Ther Ain

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Porter Institute for Poetics and Semiotics Analysis and Interpretation of the Realist Text: A Pluralistic Approach to Ernest Hemingway's "Cat in the Rain" Author(s): David Lodge Source: Poetics Today, Vol. 1, No. 4, Narratology II: The Fictional Text and the Reader (Summer, 1980), pp. 5-22 Published by: Duke University Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1771885 . Accessed: 14/03/2011 05:14 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at . http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of…show more content…
Does it enrich our reading by uncovering depths and nuances of meaning we might not otherwise have brought to consciousness, help us to solve problems of interpretation and to correct misreadings? Or does it merely encourage a pointless and self-indulgent academicism, by which the same information is shuffled from one set of categories to another, from one jargon to another, without any real advance in appreciation or understanding? The analysis offered here of a short story by Ernest Hemingway is intended to support a positive answer to the first set of questions, a negative answer to the second set. But first it may be useful to remind ourselves of the range and variety of theories, methodologies and "approaches" now available to the critic of fiction. I would group them into three categories, according to the "depth" at which they address themselves to narrative structure. 1. Narratology and Narrative Grammar- i.e., the effort to discover the langue of narrative, the underlying system of rules and possibilities of which any narrative parole (text) is the realization. With a few arguable exceptions - e.g., - this enterprise has been Northrop Frye (1957) and Frank Kermode (1966) almost exclusively dominated by European scholars - Propp, Bremond, Greimas, Levi-Strauss, Todorov and Barthes,

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