Struggles Within the Middle East: United States Supplying Israel During the Yom Kippur War

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In October of 1973, a war between the Arabic states of Egypt and Syria and the state of Israel broke out known as the Yom Kippur War. Being vastly overwhelmed by the Arabic states in terms of sheer volume of troops and equipment, Israel turned toward its ally in the West, the United States. With profound diplomatic pressure from multiple Arabic states, the United States found itself in an increasingly difficult position. In an effort to create the best outcome for America in both the Middle East and the global theatre, the United States made the decision, knowing full well the possible consequences, to help supply Israel during the Yom Kippur War. On October 6th, 1973, during the Jewish holy day of atonement, Yom Kippur, a surprise …show more content…
On October 10th, United States Deputy Secretary noted, “The Arabs are fighting better now than they did in 1967. The conflict dealt a blow to two myths, that of Israel’s inevitable military superiority and that of the Arab’s perennial Inferiority. The U.S. is trying to keep the Soviets out of the situation while maintaining our own position in the Arab world.” United States officials knew that the Egyptians, Syrians, and Israelis would be looking for ways in which to resupply their dwindling military resources in an effort to continue their war efforts. With Soviet influence in the Middle East, while not at its peak, a fear of potential communist-puppet states spread throughout the State department. With McCarthyism creating a deep-seated fear of communism, potential action by the United States was seen by various Arabic states and the Israelis. With various Arabic states realizing the potential for the United States to become involved, rather directly or indirectly, in the Yom Kippur War, a requirement to create a determent to that potential was the greatest option for the Arab world. Oil rich nations in the Middle East began to create and fan the flames of fear among various American oil companies, such as Exxon, during the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) negotiations in Vienna.

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