Struggles and Setbacks of Developing Democracies in Latin American Countries

1477 WordsJul 8, 20186 Pages
The concept of patrimonialism in Latin American countries is a subject that has been studied and researched by some of the world’s most renowned sociologists and political scientists. In this literature review I will use the information gathered from several of these researchers and combine their theories and ideologies in an attempt to understand why many Latin American countries such as Mexico, Argentina, Venezuela, and Bolivia have continued to remain oppressed throughout history and stand on a slippery slope towards democratic reform of their national governments. The impeded development of democracy in these countries is much derived from Spanish empirical forms, reigning from the colonial era in which Spanish conquistadores…show more content…
Evaluating progress from an economic standpoint In order to successfully evaluate the transition of an authoritarian regime towards a more democratic form of government, we would not only look at the implications of power and rule of government policy, but as well the economic values of these authoritarian states, in doing this we could find that the abuse of government resources and funding are extremely detrimental to the democratic progress, in which the question could be asked, what are some of the main economic mechanisms causing the deprivation of economic growth in these authoritarian states? The suboptimal economic growth in Latin America suggests that even after open-market policies have been implemented; Latin Americas share in world output has remained stagnant at roughly 6% since the 1970’s. Some experts have suggested that corruption, excessive debt, political instability, low investment in human capital, and emigration account for low levels of economic prosperity in Latin America (Lizardo, R. & Mollack, A. V. 2009). The findings of this study would lead us to believe that these detrimental governmental actions would appeal to the school of thought aforementioned, in where the leader of a state is placing his priorities above those of the citizens of the state. The states control over economic earnings, and over-abusive consumption contributes to the negative growth economically, of these states,
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