Student 's Social Background And Their Connections Within Society

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As a pre-service educator it is imperative to understand a student’s social background and their connections within society. Julie Matthews regards education being concerned with the transmission of culture, values, beliefs, knowledge and skills (2013,p166). Social insights into learner’s backgrounds can expose how and why student’s act and think in a particular way. Developmentally the sociology of education has provided numerous theories, the functionalist perspective, the conflict perspective, Forms of Capital and the Virtual Backpack Theory, which contributes to and underpin the skills teachers can employ into their learning environments and practice. Theorist Matthews believes that effective pedagogy occurs only when one has gained a thorough understanding and sensitivity of past and present social conditions (2013,. P167). The development of professional practice, curriculum and educational policies can be created using pedagogical knowledge of a student’s social context (socio-economic status, demographics, and cultural differences), therefore creating an enhanced educational outcome for learners.

Sociology theorist Julie Matthews believes that it is essential for teachers to have research on sociology within foundation educational courses to enable informed knowledge and decisions about educational contexts and learners (2013,.p157). Student teachers can employ this knowledge within their classroom context to create inclusive environments suitable to their
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