Study: Fall and Injury Prevention

1023 Words4 Pages
Stuksnes et al. (2011) performed a study aimed at determining nurses' views on the causes of falls, the types of interventions to reduce falls, documentation practices, and reactions to falls in older patients with dementia. For the quantitative analyses comparisons were to be made between two independent variables: registered nurses (RNs) and enrolled nurses (ENs) as well as by level of experience (< 5 years experience versus > 5 years experience, on the above dependent variables. Given that the independent variables are subject variables there was no randomization. Participants were recruited according to proper research etiquette and ethical guidelines. The researchers reviewed the literature on falls, risk, and the incidence and proposed causes of falls in dementia, but the literature review is quite cursory and does not generate or validate hypotheses for the current study. For example, the researchers developed a questionnaire for the current study that they claim was based on previous research and describe the four areas: causes, interventions, documentation routines, and reactions. These variables are not developed in the introduction and thus, the current study may have been better presented as a fully qualitative study instead of a quantitative one. The participants in the study were nursing staff members Sampling was done via a convenience sampling method which the researchers mention is a cross-sectional design. Technically we wouldn't call it
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