Study Guide Essay

1303 WordsMay 8, 20136 Pages
Psychology 3420 Exam 1 Chapters 1-5 1. Culture is an adaptational response to three factors—____. These three factors combine to produce ways of living, and culture is an abstract concept that explains and describes those ways. 2. ____ is/are general beliefs and premises about oneself, the social and physical environment, and the spiritual world. Leung et al. (2002) demonstrated the universal existence of five types of ____ on the individual level in 41 cultural groups. 3. ____ refers to the degree to which cultures will encourage less powerful members of groups to accept that power is distributed unequally. 4. One of the most important thinking abilities that humans have that other animals apparently do not have is the ability to…show more content…
The product of this process reflects a translation that is the shared consensus of a linguistically equivalent protocol across languages and cultures. 16. Which of the following is the degree to which a measure used in a cross-cultural study produces the same factor analysis results in the different countries being compared? 17. According to Triandis and his colleagues (1995), in ____, individuals are autonomous and equal. However, in ____, individuals are autonomous but unequal. 18. The best example of a unit of analysis of ecological-level studies is ____. 19. ____ refers to collectivism on the individual level. On the cultural level, collectivism refers to how a culture functions. ____ refers to how individuals may act in accordance with collectivistic cultural frameworks. 20. ____ is based on the notion that people make implicit social comparisons with others when making ratings on scales, rather than relying on direct inferences about a private, personal value system (Peng, Nisbett, & Wong, 1997). 21. One useful framework to understand enculturation is Super and Harkness’ notion of a ____ (Super and Harkness, 1986, 1994, 2002). The ____ focuses on how the broader macrosystem structures the child’s immediate microsystems. 22. Parental cultural belief systems are also known as: 23. Which

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