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What are the most important difference (art, science, religion) between people’s lives in large agricultural settlements such as çatal hüyük Jericho and Mesopotamia (manufactured trade) and Egypt (military)?
In the
Economic (environmental) organization- farming, irrigation, domestication
Political and Social Organization-stratification and gender inequality, warfare, hierarchy
People’s system of Ideas-writing, math, ethical codes, arts, religion

http://www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/HIST101-1.2-OriginsofCiv-FINAL.pdf

What evidence might you give in favor of, or opposed to, the following claims.
You have a balanced and considered review of at least four the civilizations learned in unit 1:
a) The earliest
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Mesopotamia -
Archaeological evidence shows that sea trade connected Mesopotamia to the Harappan civilization of the Indus valley.
As food resources grew faster, so did human populations.
Led in conflicts within communities
In Mesopotamia, women’s inferiority to men was taken for granted, but they shared the social standing of their fathers and husbands.
They benefited from some measure of equality. In both Sumer and Egypt women occasionally served as rulers or held high office.
However, towards the end of the 3rd millennium, , an increasing emphasis on the importance of armies and conquest and on trade and manufacture as sources of wealth meant that women were increasingly excluded from the most valued occupations.
Laws increasingly defined them as dependents and restricted to the home. In one Sumerian city-state, any woman speaking disrespectfully to a man was ordered to have her mouth crushed with a brick.
During the third millennium, an estimated 80 percent of the population was urban.
Cities became centers of manufacturing.
New technologies were used such as alloying and casting metals for tools, weapons, and luxury goods.
The wheel allowed for

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