In the Middle East, Saudi Arabia is the largest arid country (Al-Ibrahim, 1991). The country covers some 80 percent of the Arabian Peninsula (Al-Hamzi, 1992). The area of Saudi Arabia is 2.25 million square kilometers, equivalent (1.4) million square miles (Batayneh, 2012). The total number population in Saudi Arabia is 25.7 million (Al-Shayaa et al., 2012). Saudi Arabia climate is broiling in the summer and chilly in the winter, and Saudi Arabia does not have well-defined season. In addition, Saudi Arabia is waterless country, and it does not have rivers or lakes (Al-Shayaa et al., 2012).
A simple commonality between the Abrahamic religions is that they all have a center of worship and traveling to these locations is a holy obligation to these faiths. Jerusalem and the nation of Israel is the seat of Judaism. Israel 's diverse culture stems from the diversity of its population: Jews from diaspora communities around the world have brought their cultural and religious traditions back with them, creating a melting pot of Jewish customs and beliefs. Vatican City is an enclave within the city of Rome is home to Saint Peter’s Basilica. St. Peter 's is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic shrines. It has been designated as a unique position in the Christian world. Vatican City is also the seat of the Pope, the Bishop of Rome and the leader of the Catholic Church. Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and is the birthplace of Mohammed. For centuries Mecca has served as a major economic hub, for it lays in between Europe and Asia. Mohammed is once exiled from Mecca but returns years later with an army. But Mohammed recognized the importance of this city and knew that its financial influence would be key toward to founding of Islam. Hajj, one of the Five Pillars, is the pilgrimage to Mecca must be done at least once for
The term globalization can be defined as a process by which societies, regional economies and cultures have been integrated via a global network of transportation, communication and trade. It has both positive and negative impacts in all the areas that it touches on be it economical, social, technology, cultural, political, environment, health or any other. Globalization started to have an impact on businesses world wide in the eighteenth century since that time marks the merging of modernity and globalization. However, in the modern sence, globalization kicked off after the end of Second World War since its during that time that leaders felt the urge to break down the borders
Chapter 1-What really stood out to me in chapter one was the section about woman praying during the shabbat. Men would spit on them and curse them for praying. Most haredim men believe women should be at home on the Shabbat, cooking for their families. What also stood out to me was the fact that the haredi population doubles every seventeen years. Not only that but, the population of people between the sea and the Jordan has increased also.This causes stress on the environment! Lastly, I have learned that in places like Bnei Brak, pollution is increasing due to the number of automobiles. Lands are suffering from water pollution, air pollution, and animal extinction.
According to the estimates by the United Nations, the population of Saudi Arabia as at 2018 is 33,379, 747. This is equivalent to about 44% of the total population in the world. The median age in this country is about 30.2 years. The cultural identities that are expressed by the Saudi Arabian people are primarily those of Arab and Muslim and the climate is that of a hot desert with scarce rainfall. The Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia is the primary source of its oil wealth.
When he questions, “This place is about to pop?” he refers to the development of war or “Some kind of terror. Something like the 1979 massacre at Mecca”(Eggers, 154). Historians consider the uprising at the mosque in Mecca as “The most dramatic post war example of Saudi problems with extremists before the rise of Osama Bin Laden” (Cordesman, 14). The assault occurs during the Hajj pilgrimage, an event that represents the most important manifestation of Islamic faith. Members of puritanical Wahhabi tribes guide the uprising in order to accuse the King of corruption and alliance with the Western countries. Nevertheless, Anthony H. Cordesman, author of Saudi Arabia Enters The 21st Century, states that the attack on the mosque emphasizes the “commitment to Islamic education and the enforcement of strict “Wahhabi” social practices” (Cordesman, 15). First, he denounces the failure of the government to modernize teaching practices and the segregation of women’s education. Then, he mentions that after the attack the religious surveillance over the population increases and Mutawwa’in, police of public virtue, gain more
The holy place of Islam is known as Makkah, a city in Saudi Arabia. This is where the prophet, Muhammad (SAW), was born. The Kabba is the place of gathering in Makkah for Muslims, and it is believed to have been built by Prophet Ibrahim, as a holy place to worship Allah. When the Kabba was destroyed by floods, Prophet Muhammad (SAW) help to rebuild it. On the day of Hajj, Muslims must travel to Masjid Al-Haram, the mosque surrounding the Kabba. Finally, the Testimony of Faith is simply the conversion to Islam, via a certain sentence: “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.” For further reference in this paper, the Arabic words haram, halal, makrooh, and kafir mean ‘forbidden’, ‘permissible’, ‘disliked’, and ‘disbelievers’
Soon after Muhammad went back to Mecca and defeated the polytheists and converted the population of Mecca to Islam, and god rid of Arabian gods and made small cubical buildings that were called Ka’bah that was their temple where they would worship. When Muslims go on pilgrimages today, they go to the Ka’bah and circle around it and consider it the spiritual center of their world. Islam is the world second largest religion, and it stretches all the way to Europe, North Africa, South Asia, and Middle East. Islam has unbending teaching about their god and that there is one god, Allah. The Five Pillars of Islam is the fundamental principle of the faith of Islam and Islam is another word for submission and
In order to understand the costumes and future development of societies and religions, it is necessary to know the history of them. Dave Eggers’s novel, A Hologram for the King, not only discuses the origins of the extremist branch of Islam, but also mentions an important event in history, the massacre at Mecca,that marked the beginning of an era of terror caused by religious extremism and denounces how Saudi’s society of the 21st century follows the customs and precepts of the conservative ideology of Islam.
Education remains to be the priority of all nations around the globe. Most countries devote vast resources to guarantee equal education opportunities to all their students. Most education systems are developed to meet the economic and social demands of the country, both locally and globally. As the world’s 8th highest education spender, Saudi Arabia initiates an overhaul on the education system. It is the largest country in the Middle East. The Saudi Arabian education has gone through an astounding transformation. Initially, education was only available to few people who were children of the wealthy families. However, the transformation of the Saudi Education is now offering education to all children regardless of their social status.
Islam, like other monotheistic religions, is a faith of the book, known as the Koran. It is considered to be the literal translation of the word of God, and it is the successor to both the new and old testament of the Bible. In Islam there are no additional sacred scriptures to the Koran, for in the believer’s opinion, it is the final word of God. In addition to following the lessons taught in the Koran, Muslims also practice what is known as the five pillars of Islam. These are declaring the Shahada, or their faith in the religion, engaging in ritual prayer five times a day, paying a Zakat or alms tax yearly, fasting during the religious feast of Ramadan, and at least once in a lifetime making the holy pilgrimage or Hajj to Mecca, the home of the prophet Mohammed (Lippman 6-25). Islam is also split in to two distinct sects, the Sunni’s, who make up the majority of Muslims, and the Shiite’s, who are more literal and fundamentalists in their beliefs, and also believe in the prophet Ali, the son in law of Mohammed.
With 1.5 billion followers worldwide, the religion of Islam is the second most popular religion over the entire globe, and follows a strict set of rules derived from the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, a messenger of God, or Allah. Founded in 622 C.E. (also known as A.D.) in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion that drew inspiration from earlier religions like Christianity and Judaism. It is divided into three different sections- the Sunni, Shi’a and Sufi sects. The Qur’an is the holy book of Islam, and is considered the unaltered word of Allah. All followers of Islam adhere to many high standards of living and daily practices meant to better their lives like The Twelve Imams, among others. Islam brings
The three tallest buildings in Saudi Arabia are the Al Faisaliyah Complex Tower, the Kingdom Center Tower, and the Mecca Royal Hotel Clock Tower. These three buildings are remarkable in their construction, and represent the building boom that has besieged Saudi Arabia over the past decade. Each of these buildings is new, with the Al Faisaliyah Complex the oldest of the three and finished in 2000. The Mecca Royal Hotel Clock Tower is the newest and was completed in 2012. These three buildings are icons of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
In the heart of the Middle East is a country known by many Westerners for its oil production and, often, extremist beliefs of groups within the country. The country is Saudi Arabia, and though it is thought of by many as a rather backward country, Saudi Arabia has a rich history and culture, and it is a country that revolves around Islam and the worship of Allah as the one true God.