Study the Bible!

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Study the bible! : The Use of Bible Allusions in Literature Biblical references are a technique used in literature by authors to alter readers perceptions. The readers beliefs are challenged by using biblical references in literature. In “The Gospel According to Mark” by Jorge Luis Borges, Borges uses many biblical references to give readers a different view of the main character. With the biblical references being used in “The Gospel According to Mark”, readers are able to portray the main character, Baltasar Espinosa as a Christ-like person. Borges’ use of biblical references is important because it allows him to challenge the reader’s religious beliefs. In “The Gospel According to Mark” by Jorge Luis Borges, the main character,…show more content…
Just as The Great Flood, Espinosa and the Gutre family bonded together to save every single thing that they had and survive. The reader can slowly see the allusions that Borges is making in his story. It is clear that the descriptions of Espinosa and the flood was a way of Borges to add significance to his story. Another reference used by Borges is the crucifixion of Espinosa. At the end of the story Espinosa is set up for crucifixion by the Gutre family. Espinosa has taught the Gutre family plenty about the bible including Christ’s crucifixion. The Gutre family viewed Espinosa as their leader and they acted as his followers. Borges states “The three Gutres had been following him. kneeling on the floor, they asked for his blessing. Then they cursed him, spat on him and shoved him to the back of the house.” The Gutre family thought of Espinosa as their Christ since the teachings he has done has impacted them. The bible had an extreme effect on the Gutres family by having them believe that Espinosa is the Jesus Christ that he is talking about Within this allusion on the crucifixion, Borges is trying to have an effect on the reader as well. The crucifixion of Espinosa that is portrayed by Borges has an emotional effect on the reader. As stated in “Inner-Biblical Allusion” by G. Brooke Lester, “To varying degrees, biblical scholars will seek to distinguish ‘allusion’ from ‘influence’…”( Lester 89) A simple allusion such as the one made by Borges about Espinosas

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