Study2 Essay

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History 229: History of Race, Science, and Medicine in the U.S.
Professor Helena M. Pycior

STUDY GUIDE FOR PRELIMINARY EXAM 2—October 14, 2014, 9:00-9:50 a.m., in LUB S151

Directions:
The following are study questions for the examination. The examination will be a closed-book examination.

On the examination you will be required to respond to one of two essay questions. The essay questions on the examination will test essentially the same ideas as these study questions. Parts of study questions may be combined to form an essay appearing on the examination. More typically, a shortened or edited version of a study question will appear as an essay question on the examination.

In answering a given essay question, you are not
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Morton as trying to state he was objective, and was being honest. The two major different pieces that support the thesis that Morton tried to be objective is his use of lead shot instead of mustrard seed and his openness with all his data. When Morton realized that his Mustard seed technique was unstable and presented varied results he quickly changed to a lead shot which was more accurate. Morton was very open when it came to displaying his data. He published results which included numbers, not just explainations.

Select any two of the “general categories” of “fudging and finagling” that Gould has identified in Morton’s work except that of “miscalculations and convenient omissions.” For each of the two selected categories, briefly explain the category in your own words. Carefully sketch Gould’s major specific example of the category. Explain explicitly how the example fits the category into which Gould has put it, state which of Morton’s publication(s) the example comes from, state the racial groups and/or subgroups featured in the example, and (following Gould) explain the effects of the finagling on Morton’s conclusions about racial ranking.
1.Favorable inconsistencies and shifting criteria. Morton often liked to include or delete large subsamples inorder to match his previous expectations and results.
2.Subjectivity directed toward
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