Around the world people are suffering from the problem of having a safe and clean water, there are more than 633 million people lack access to safe water. Remote countries in Africa are mostly the victim of having unsanitary water sources.
According to the Millennium Development Goals Report 2012, “783 million people, or 11 per cent of the global population, remain without access to an improved source of drinking water. Such sources include household connections, public standpipes, boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs and rainwater collections.” (United Nations, 2012) The United Nations Water Conference in 1977 along with a few other conferences, addressed helping approximately “1.3 billion people in developing countries gain access to safe drinking water.” (United Nations, 2012) While there is progress being made, we see that various regions without clean drinking water. Reports show, “In four of nine developing regions, 90 per cent or more of the population now uses an improved drinking water source. In contrast, coverage remains very low in Oceania and sub-Saharan Africa, neither of which is on track to meet the MDG drinking water target by 2015. Over 40 per cent of all people without improved drinking water live in sub-Saharan Africa.” (United Nations, 2012) It is shown that rural areas still lack drinkable water as opposed to urban areas. Consistent improvement has been made to supply populated areas with a reliable source of drinking water. However, research shows, “Coverage with improved drinking water sources for rural populations is still lagging. In 2010, 96 per cent of the urban population used an
Two out of every five people living in Sub-Saharan Africa lack safe water. A baby there is 500 times more likely to die from water-related illness than one from the United States. This is a serious ongoing issue that requires the rest of the world to take action. Water spreads diseases easily if the necessary precautions are not taken. Many developing African countries don’t have sewage treatment, or the people don’t have methods to filter and disinfect. Once a person is sick either there is no way to cure them, or medical care is too expensive, so they are left untreated with a high risk of death. Although many believe that the fight for sanitary water in Africa is insurmountable, people in these developing countries can overcome their challenge to access clean water and avoid water-borne diseases through proper sewage treatment facilities, universal water filtration and medical care.
A major challenge and cause of serious medical issues in Sub-Saharan Africa is the lack of access to a clean water supply. There are 345 million people that lack access to water in Africa. Unfortunately, when water is available it is high in contamination. When wells are built and water sanitation facilities are developed, they cannot be maintained properly to due to limited financial resources. Water quality testing is not performed as often as necessary and the people are unaware that the water may not be safe to drink. Oftentimes, when a source of water has been provided, the quantity of water is often given more attention over the quality of. Lack of clean drinking is the leading cause of diarrheal diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa and causes 7.7% of deaths in Africa. Diarrhea is caused by numerous bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms most of which can be spread by contaminated water. The importance of diarrheal diseases has mostly been overlooked. Through UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO) there have been some accomplishments during the
The water crisis in Africa has many ill effects including diminished health, poor education and low productivity. Currently 319 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa do not have access reliable clean drinking water. When you don't have access to clean water your are much more likely to be exposed to diarrheal illnesses, which cause dehydration, starvation and eventually death. Currently 62% of Sub-Saharan Africa’s population lives in rural areas. However, there are many negative consequences to living in a rural area. One main reason widespread access to clean water has not been achieved yet is because water is a very challenging material to transport and transporting water in rural areas with minimal infrastructure does not make transportation
The recent issues troubling SUb-Saharan African nations are chronically overburdened water systems under expanding stress from fast-growing urban areas. Corruption, weak governments, mismanagement of resources, poor long-term investment, and a deficiency of environmental analysis and urban infrastructure only inflame the
The provision of good quality household drinking water is often regarded as an important means of improving health, according to Sajama et al, 2011. What is more, the supply of clean water is limited by a lack of infrastructure, capacity and financial resources .so the quality of water is becoming a serious public health issue for the past years. The water shortages in Algeria Sahara has become worse because of inefficient management of the piped water distribution
The purpose of this research paper is to discuss the water crisis in the region of Africa and how water can cause many other problems such as inadequate sanitation, poverty and diseases for the population. People living in third world countries are suffering from the water crisis that has become a major problem for the United Nations, World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, Millennium Development Goals and many of the other organizations. For some of these organizations have been successful in providing a bit more water through the years it’s still a working process. Water is essential for life, it’s not just for the body’s physical need; yet millions of people do not have access to clean water. The lack of accessible of fresh water contributes too many diseases such as HIV, AIDS, waterborne diseases, causing the death of millions of women and children annually in the region. This is making it harder for the communities to develop a safer home for their families and to improve the conditions of the country. This research paper will examine the problems, solutions and causes. How it all comes together, to contribute to this water crisis and to weather there is a solutions set by the United Nations, studies that have been conducted and other organizations, which can maybe work for the years to come. In addition, the same water problems are going to be discussed with regard to Africa for statics, examples and quotes done by the organizations in the past and
Shortage of clean water in most of sub-Saharan countries have been a major cause of poor sanitation that lead to child mortality and many other diseases such as diarrhea and poor hygiene related disease that causes almost 500 children to die every day (UNICEF,2015). I still can’t believe that I have water in my room here at ASU. I had to walk more than 10 miles every day before I go to class fetching water back home in Rwanda when I was a little kid. Building boreholes to most of this African countries can save life and time that can be used to do different job that can generate money for families.
Water is one of the most important sources of energy that keep humans from being dehydrated, not only that; it is an abundant resource that supports many life forms on Earth. With only one access to fresh drinking water, metropolitans from the Victorian period involuntarily have to use the water from the Thames River which also the place where their excrements were being released. From this point of view, we can be assured that water is the most important source that humans are in need. Water treatment plants were created to ensure that waters from different sources are safe to consume. Though technologies are invented to prevent future epidemic outbreaks, water supply is still a problem in many developing countries. More than 5,000 children die each year in Africa from consuming contaminated or dehydrated from the lack water. Without access to fresh water supplies, government officials have no choice but to receive aid from friendly countries. Up until today, a countless number of children are suffering from the lacking of
Over 650 million people live without safe water, 2.3 billion people don't have access to adequate sanitation, one in three of the world's population and over 500,000 children die every year from diarrhoea caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation. That's 1,400 children a day. These were the problems before WaterAid started helping across the world. Without safe water or sanitation, people are trapped in a cycle of poverty and disease. Across the developing world, millions of women are wasting precious time collecting dirty water, children are dying from preventable diarrhoeal diseases, and communities have open sewers running through them.
The severe health concerns and effects from poor water and sanitation have drawn the attention not only of small international organizations like Water.org, but also of the United Nations, which declared the years of 2005 to 2015 as the Water for Life Decade. Its goal was to “bring attention to the lack of access to clean water and sanitation systems.” In 2010 the United Nations General Assembly reaffirmed their efforts when they passed a resolution which recognized the human right to have access to clean water and sanitation. However, there are still over 663 million people who need access to clean water. The attempt to garner international recognition to this dearth of access was to bring awareness to the number of obstacles people who had
Without a decent plumbing system, most Africans have access to water from the ponds or streams. According to the statement made by WHO in 2004, there is only 16% of citizens in sub-Saharan has access to water through a tap in their house (WHO). It suggests that the household connection of water is insufficient. As a result, African women and young girls have to walk miles to get water every day. Moreover, the wells are not built broadly in Africa since the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry neglects it’s responsible for the management of
Life on the earth is largely shaped by the availability and access to clean and safe water. Indeed, water is an essential component in the industrial, agricultural, transport, among other economic and social sectors. However, a research done by UNICEF(2012) states that “Over 780 million people are still without access to improved sources of drinking water and 2.5 billion lack improved sanitation.“ The majority of this population is residing in the arid areas, which account for a third of the total global mass. Water scarcity and salinity are major hindrances to the social and economic development in these areas. Notably, the demand for clean water