First it is important to define Said’s Orientalism itself along with the specified places mentioned throughout this essay. Orientalism is a theory of representation, or a discourse, based upon the binary divide between so-called ‘East’ and ‘West’ from a mainly Eurocentric perspective.
The constant obsession with the marvels of the East and the prevalent dismissal of its people has not only promoted the aesthetic fantasy of the Orient, but has subjected it to a system of inconsistent misjudgments and representations. Through the mechanisms of cultural hegemony, Orientalism has been given the durability to persist and exist within the minds of Westerners and the Orient itself. The orientalist discourse exists in response to Western modernity, acting as an aberration that relies on the foreignness, imperialism, and presence of social hierarchies that present the timeless orient as a place of exoticness and mystery. As referenced by Edward Said, Orientalism acts as an organized form of writing, similar to organized science,
Kelli Winkler English 1st Mrs. Bartel 20 March 2017 The Truth in History Many people have changed this world for the best. They try their hardest and never gave up, no matter how many people didn’t believe they could do it. Some people have ideas and opinions, but if you listen you might just
The pair collaborated to produce a comprehensive and pointed critique of Guldi and Armitage’s research, or lack thereof, as Cohen and Mandler argue, claiming that The History Manifesto had little research, and what it did have was grossly misconstrued. Cohen and Mandler specifically discussed the methodology that the manifesto placed on a pedestal, the longue-duree, and on the evidence that Guldi and Armitage used, little attention was paid to the function of digital technology in the pursuance of longue-duree. Indeed the lofty overtures continue with language promoting that historians were the only group capable of “saving” the world, due to their unique training, but only if the popular methodology switched from short-term to longue-duree. Cohen and Mandler adopted a contrasting view of this, stating that not only did the time scale of the study depend on the subject matter, but that the sheer diversity of the historical discipline was what made it indispensable to the educational and cultural landscape of
Making History [Book] / auth. R.Deftereos C.Dugmore,C.Geldenhuys,D.Ramoroka, M.Snail,M.Stoltz,V.Titus,V.van Reenen. - [s.l.] : Heinemann, 2006. B. Death camp, date accessed: 4 July http://www.deathcamps.info/Leyson/faq.htm C. Looking into the past [Book] / auth. Michelle Friedman Christopher Saunders, Mzamo Jacobs, Yonah Seleti, Judith Gordon. - [s.l.] : Maskew Miller Longman, 2006.
In his introduction to the term “Orientalism,” Edward Said begins by paraphrasing the writing of a French journalist’s view of the present-day Orient in order to express the
Current events have a basis in historical fact and the practice of analyzing and acting upon past experiences is all considered thinking historically. Without history, human society would have no identity or base. Chapter Two begins by expressing what Doing History has already stated on the definition of history. However, Methods and Skills delves further into the nature of history by explain that a historian can shed light on an event in history, but nobody can actually show exactly how things took place during that event. All of history is naturally subject to the historian’s point of view and interpretations, therefore, the absolute fullest and truest version of history is essentially unattainable. However, this fact does not negate the importance of studying and understanding history, because historical fact is grounded in reliable, factual evidence from the event. Consequently, historians must always be asking questions and looking for the best possible answers for the ever-evolving dialogue of
Communities throughout history have always sought to define who they are as a collective whole. Over the course of time, it was this that helped bind nations together through a collective sense of national identity and belonging. Although there are some set definitions that people use to define who collectively
History The study of history is a challenging and often ambiguous pursuit of reconstruction. Historians are forced to remove themselves from the confines of modernity while desperately trying to grasp the fleeting remnants of an ever fading past. It is impossible, however, for a historian to fully accomplish either one of these necessities of research. The present remains an integral part of his perspective causing a distinctive slant in the analysis; evidence of the past can remain hidden or be entirely lost in the strides of time. These limitations of individual historians’ conceptions of the past necessitate the study of history to be an accumulation of different theories throughout the ages by conflicting researchers. A
From the late eighteenth to the mid twentieth century, European countries - predominantly England and France - oversaw the expansion and collapse of their empires, during which time they had come to understand their Eastern colonies through the lens of ‘Orientalism.’ A term coined by the literary critic Edward Said in 1978, Orientalism refers to the project through which Western artists and intellectuals fabricated an image of ‘the Orient’ - an area stretching between ‘India and the Bible Lands’ - in order to legitimise their control over it. This project characterised the East as an inferior, post-civilised realm, where order had been displaced by - as Said writes - an ‘Oriental backwardness.’ However, by the end of the nineteenth
But R. Stein has also added that New Historicism, or the death of the author as it has been known, has also challenged many historiographical principles. This essay will look at these threats to history and show how they represent an attack on empiricism and historical method in a quest for legitimacy. It then will form an analysis of these threats and express why they failed to do so and thus end history; this will also enable an exploration of what impacts it did have on history.
The abundant reports, literary narratives, and the variety of representations of the early travellers, present the Orient as strange, eccentric, savage, hostile, irrational, exotic, and mysterious, that has unresolved secrets, alien creatures, sensational women, monstrous and beast-like people. Said claims that it is sufficient for ‘us’ [Orientalists] to ‘set up these boundaries in our minds’, and ‘both the Other’s territory and their mentality’ have been ‘designated as different from “ours”’ (Said, 2003: 54). The essence of Orientalism in its true form, is to define the non-European and his landscape as the Other. This process could only be
IT’S INTERESTING to see how history is distorted in the act of grasping it: how it bends to fit the mind of the person who takes it in. You can investigate a historical epoch and watch as others, arriving at disparate conclusions, paint a portrait with a selection of colors
￼GEO2313 - Theory, Space, Society 1 Candidate Number: 630012188 Using examples, critically evaluate the different roles that theoretical ideas can play in shaping research in human geography. In using Edward Said’s theory of orientalism as a reference point for analysis, this essay will explore the different ways in which an academic theory can shape geographical research, with a particular focus on the fields of imaginative geographies and postcolonial geographies. This inquiry will focus on Said’s (1978) seminal text “Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient” and its influences on both academic and social worlds since the twentieth century. D. Gregory’s interpretations and other studies of orientalism in contemporary culture will
In 1978, Edward Said made a critical analysis on the general idea of Orient spread in the Western world. He demonstrated that Orientalism is a way of cultural domination of the West against the East, and therefore it is none other than a product of European ethnocentrism. Furthermore, the Europe came to be self-confident that it is a mission of the West to save and develop the Orient, which led them justified their colonisation. In doing so, he also pointed out, the conviction of their own knowledge of the Orient gave a power of domination to the Europeans. (1978, p.11) In this essay, I will argue that these Said’s insights are useful to understand why development has been viewed as necessary and how development has actually been conducted by the West. Cases of India and African countries will be illustrated as examples.