Substance Abuse And Alcohol Abuse

3037 Words Dec 10th, 2014 13 Pages
Substance abuse is use of a substance (drug) or alcohol in which the person consumes the substance/alcohol in amounts or with different methods which are harmful for themselves or others. Substance abuse and addictions are run in families.
Alcohol drinking can be defined in many types as following-
Social drinking is defined as occasional drinking in a social setting without an intention to get drunk.
Binge drinking is defined as consumption of alcohol in excess of which is socially acceptable, with primary intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy episodic alcohol intake during a short period of time. Binge drinking is a problem among adolescents & young adults particularly.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [NIAAA] defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking alcohol that brings blood alcohol concentration [BAC] to 0.08 grams percent or above. Alcohol abuse means having dangerous or unhealthy drinking practice, either drinking every day or drinking too much at a time. If they continue to abuse alcohol, it can cause alcohol dependence. Alcohol abuse and dependence in adults can be devastating. Alcohol dependence patient is addicted to alcohol either mentally or physically & despite significant areas of dysfunction, continues to use alcohol, showing evidence of physical dependence and related symptoms. Toxicity of ethanol (alcohol) is largely due to its primary metabolite, acetaldehyde and another secondary metabolite, acetic acid. In pregnant…
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