Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS in Women

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Substance abuse & HIV/AIDS in women Introduction Drug and substance abuse has been known to be a major risk factor for HIV/AIDS in the world. According to reports by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), there are an estimated 1 million people who are living with HIV/AIDS in the US and about a third of these cases are directly and indirectly linked to some kind of drug abuse ADDIN EN.CITE National Institute on Drug Abuse2005823(National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2005)82382312National Institute on Drug Abuse,Drug abuse is a significant risk factor for HIV/AIDS in the U.S.2012March 5th2005 HYPERLINK l "_ENREF_7" o "National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2005 #823" National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2005). Research has also shown that of four out of 10 AIDS related deaths in the US are related to drug abuse ADDIN EN.CITE Macklin2011825(Macklin, 2011)82582517Macklin, RuthEthical challenges in HIV microbicide research: What protections do women need?International Journal of Feminist Approaches to BioethicsInternational Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics124-143422011Indiana University Press19374585 HYPERLINK l "_ENREF_5" o "Macklin, 2011 #825" Macklin, 2011). This has led to NIDA referring to drugs and substance abuse and HIV/AIDS as linked epidemics and has opened avenues of research in the two epidemics ADDIN EN.CITE
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