Substance Use Disorder (SUD)

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Introduction
Substance use disorder (SUD) occurs regardless of age, ethnicity or gender. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) organizes substance use disorders into substance abuse and substance dependence. Substance abuse is a maladaptive pattern leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as manifested by one (or more) of the following, occurring within a 12-month period. If the abuse pattern and dependency are not addressed, it can cause a various spectrum of dysfunction in physical, psychological and social. Per impairment, the individual is enable to participate a meaningful occupation which eventually decreases one’s quality of living (QOL). Because having QOL and ADL participation are very
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The pre-mature prefrontal cortex of the adolescent to mid-20’s brain is not fully capable to perform its role, such as being responsible for assessing situation, control emotions and impulses, and making decisions. Moreover, the individual within the ages are typically tend to seek pleasure more and avoid pain. As the result, they are more prone to adapt substance abuse pattern and become more vulnerable to substance abuse. If the abuse pattern does not addressed and continuously develop, it can pose serious behavioral, physical, social issues, such as failure in occupational performance, impaired memory, impulsiveness behavior, lose motivation in healthy life style, organ failure, and mild to severe mental health problems. Not only interpersonal problems but also it can cause social crimes. Therefore, Adolescence substance abuse pattern must take in as serious matters and need to be addressed (Casey, Jones, & Hare, 2008; reviewed by Winters & Arria, 2011).
Etiology
The etiology of SUD is unknown but it seems a habit of persistence use of drugs, a desire to alter mood or to reach desired well-being state cause SUD. As well as, the exact etiology of substance abuse within adolescents is unknown but they start and/or continues to fit
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It is easy and cheap to achieve. Therefore, youth begin drug abuse with caffeine, nicotine and alcohol to seek desired effect. If these fails to provide pleasure anymore as individual needed, then the individual most likely to choose marijuana as next drugs. The short term use can alter the mood or to reach desired sate of well-being with less likely negative impact but the prolonged use can cause personality, mood, cognitive functioning, various physiological problems and can be fetal if there is interaction with other drugs or if overdoses (Perkinson,
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