Substance Use Of Substance Use Disorder

1580 WordsJun 17, 20157 Pages
Substance use may be viewed as recreational to some, however to others, it is the beginning of the road to an addiction. According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-V (2013), a diagnosis of substance use disorder is based on evidence of impaired control, social impairment, risky use, and pharmacological criteria. Substance use disorders occur when recurring drug use, including alcohol, causes clinically and functionally significant damage, such as health problems, disability, and failure to meet major responsibilities at work, school, or home. These criteria are nearly identical to that of addiction, which is a reason they are used interchangeably. In the last decade, substance use, particularly illicit drug use, has been increasing ("DrugFacts: Nationwide trends | National Institute on Drug Abuse", 2014). Is this due to the high stress society in which we live, or an individual’s predisposition to addiction? In all likelihood it is a combination of both, as well as emotion regulation, a process which allows for the evaluation, monitoring, and modifying of emotional reactions to accomplish goals. This paper will address the possible role of emotion regulation on substance use disorders and the research behind it. Although drugs vary in their chemical makeup and pharmacological properties, many drugs are used and abused due to their anxiolytic and euphoric effects, increasing positive emotions and alleviating many
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