Sudden Infant Death Syndrome - Research Paper

1872 Words Oct 3rd, 2005 8 Pages
Abstract

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome remains the leading cause of post-neonatal mortality (under the age of one) in developed countries. The causes of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome have been puzzling and research is being conducted to solve this catastrophic problem. Having a child under the age of one makes me very concerned, along with any other parent(s), that the possibility of SIDS could affect any infant at anytime, SIDS does not discriminate. I am seeking to find the possible causes to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome so in the future deaths could be avoided.
Researchers have studied the many possible causes of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and four have been selected for this paper.
The first study addressed the effects of an
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Incongruent Cerebral Growth in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Journal of Child Neurology, 20, 244-246.

The objective of this correlational study was to find a correlation between the weight of the brain at the time of death and the incidence of SIDS. In addition the researchers examined the relationship between brain growth and head circumference.
Sample:
The authors/researchers began with one hundred twenty brains that were divided into the following groups: 97 brains from SIDS victims and 23 from victims which died having no occurrence of brain damage.
Method:
Between 1980 and 2003 each victim, within the same local population, had an autopsy performed. Autopsy data was obtained from reports coming from a single neuropathologist (H.K.). The weight of the brain was recorded after the spinal cord was detached at the point of the foramen magnum and the dura mater was removed. The researchers looked for a correlation between the weight of the brain (independent variable) and the occurrence of SIDS (dependent variable). The weights of the individual brains were compared with the "norm" brain weight. The researchers then compared the brain weight against the infants head circumference.

Findings:
The results revealed that the weight of the brain in SIDS victims was heavier than the non SIDS group; therefore 72% of SIDS victim's brains are abnormally heavier than their counterpart of only 13% being heavier. It was found that
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