Suicide And Suicide Factors

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Certain factors will attribute to one’s risk of becoming suicidal. With each additional factor an individual becomes more at risk. The most common suicide risk factors include: depression, substance abuse, a personal or family history of suicide attempts, sexual orientation, stressful life events, and both physical and sexual abuse (Aldrich & Cerel, 2009). In addition, particular populations have proven to be at greater risk, such as, adolescents and young adults, elderly, those in high stress professions, people living alone or in select regions, and family members of suicide loss face a risk which twice as high as the general population (Draper et al., 2015). Other research studies have identified other at-risk populations, such as, individuals with psychiatric disorders, those with physical disorders, especially conditions associated with chronic pain, and patients with traumatic brain injuries (Suicide Risk Assessment Guide, n.d.).
Further risk factors to identify are suicidal behaviors or symptoms. If there is a new onset behavior or an increase in perseveration coupled with a painful event, loss, or change, then the risk of suicide is even greater (Higgins, 2014). Behaviors of suicidal ideation include, but are not limited to:
• Talking about wanting to die.
• Seeking out methods or ways to die.
• Feeling hopeless or making statements about having no reason to live.
• Experiencing unbearable pain and feeling trapped.
• Discussing how they are a burden to others.
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