Suicide During The United States

781 WordsApr 1, 20174 Pages
In 2014, suicide was the tenth leading cause of death overall in the United States. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2015), there were twice as many suicides than there were homicides. Suicidal ideation (SI), defined as an individual thinking about, considering, or planning their suicide, is established before the act of committing suicide. Research suggests that adverse childhood experiences (CDC, 2015) will put an individual at risk for developing a mental illness that could result in SI and suicide attempt (SA). It is important for the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) to recognize the signs of SI and SA while assessing their client. Background and Significance According to the Centers…show more content…
Eight percent of students attempted suicide one or more time during the 2013, 10.6% of all females and 5.4% of all males (CDC, 2015). During the same year, 2.7% of students actually made a suicide attempt that resulted in a medial injury needing medical attention, 3.6% of all females and 1.8% of all males (CDC, 2015). A clear disparity in suicide exists among males and females. The CDC (2015), reports males four times more likely to commit suicide and represents 77% of all suicides. Females tend to develop suicidal thoughts and use passive methods of suicide such as overdoes or poisoning (CDC, 2015). To contrast, males will likely use a lethal method of suicide such and a gun shot to the head or hit by train (CDC, 2015). Substantial cost of suicide exists within American society. The National Institute of Medical Health (NIMH, 2017), asserts that in 2013 suicide cost the United States economy 50.8 billion dollars. However, the CDC (2015) estimated in 2010, the cost of 44 billion dollars with 1,164,499 dollars spent per suicide for individuals over the age of ten. This cost reflects medical treatment and loss in productivity. Unfortunately, CDC (2015) reports that most individuals who engage in suicidal behavior never go on to seek treatment for their mental illness. The likelihood of development of a mental illness and suicidal behavior increases with exposure to childhood trauma. One single childhood adverse
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