Suicide Rates in Kent & Sussex County Among Youth Ages 12-24 Part 1

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Introduction According to Fowler, Crosby, Parks, and Ivey (2013), suicide and nonfatal suicidal ideations are significant public health concerns for adolescents and young adults. While the onset of suicidal behaviors is observed as young as six years of age, rates of death and nonfatal injury resulting from suicidal behavior are moderately low until 15 years of age (Fowler et al., 2013). According to Fowler et al (2013), the most current available statistics in the United States (U. S.) reported suicide as the third leading cause of death among youth aged 10-14 and 15-19 years, and it was the second leading cause of death among persons aged 20-24 years. In 2012, there were an alarming number of suicides among young people…show more content…
Since 2012 there has been a significant increase in suicides, both fatal and non-fatal among individuals ages 12-21. A fatal case is defined as “a youth who died by suicide” (Crosby et al., 2013, p. 7). A non-fatal case is defined as “a youth who attempted but did not die by suicide” (Crosby et al., 2013, p. 7). On average, Delaware typically experiences four suicides total in both counties annually. Between January 1 and May 4, 2012, Delaware has experienced 11 fatal attempts and 116 non-fatal attempts between the ages of 12-21. Polytech High School has experienced four deaths among students all within one month in the year of 2012. The most recent death was a 17-year-old male on February 15, 2012. This increase in suicides among this particular age group has generated many questions both from the community as well as researchers. According to WBOC, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has stepped in to get a better understanding of why there has been increase of suicides and why the increase in this particular age group. A common factor among all four fatal cases were that all four individuals suffered from depression, with strong implications that the depression may have went unaddressed and untreated (Crosby et al., 2013).
According to Crosby et al., (2013), they have found that 25 out of 116 youths who attempted suicide reported that a peer had attempted or completed suicide prior to their attempt. One
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