Suicide Risk Factors For Major Depressive Disorder

873 WordsMar 21, 20164 Pages
Suicide Risk Factors in Major Depressive Disorder Article Summary In patients with major depressive disorder, the risk of a completed suicide is nearly 20 times more likely than in non-depressed patients (Holma et al., 2010). Several risk factors for suicide have been identified in previous studies and include family history, gender, early onset of major depression, symptoms of psychosis, alcohol use, and comorbid disorders among other risk factors. Among the biggest risk factors for suicide are past suicidal behavior, recurrent depression, and alcohol dependence. However, the stress-diathesis model in these studies do not account for the time spent in a depressive episode. Time spent in risk states like depression may be an important predictor of suicidal behavior. The authors’ previous studies showed that, during episodes of depression, the suicide risk was greater than patients in remission for major depressive disorder. The study Incidence and Predictors of Suicide Attempts in DSM-IV Major Depressive Disorder: A Five Year Prospective Study, seeks to understand the risk factors for attempted suicide in patients currently in a depressive episode, in partial remission, and in full remission (Holma et al., 2010). Method During the first phase of the baseline evaluation, for an 18-month time frame, 806 patients were screened for symptoms of depression. From this, 542 out of 703 eligible subjects agreed to participate in this study. Next, during the second phase of the

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