Summaries of Images of Organizations

4754 Words20 Pages
Social Science Portfolio
Images of Organizations

By
Robert Quartey
Date: 20th Dec 2012

TABLE OF CONTENT SS2 ACTIVITY 1 3 SS2 ACTIVITY 2 6 SS2 ACTIVITY 3 9 SS2 ACTIVITY 4 12 SS2 ACTIVITY 5 15 SS2 ACTIVITY 6 19

SS2 ACTIVITY 1

“What is an organization”
In my opinion, an organization is basically members of a working group that are structured and allocated various tasks with the aim of achieving a common goal.

“A visit to Mcdonald’s”
Q.1 In what ways does a Mcdonald’s retail outlet resemble a machine?
Mcdonalds resembles a machine in the following ways: * A machine usually consists of different parts achieving a common goal. For instance, a car engine would consist of different parts such the
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How is this factored in this metaphor.

* How long can companies survive or succeed working as machines? :
With people changing and development of new working styles, how long can this system of organizing companies like machines last. For instance: with time people might change their perception towards bureaucracy and rebel to this form of organization.

Reference * Morgan,G. (1998). Mechanization takes command: Organizations as Machines. In: Images of Organization. California: Sage Publications, Inc, Executive Edition p1 – 13

SS2 ACTIVITY 2

Q1.
How would you describe the management systems utilized by Omega and Acme? What factors led you to this conclusion?

Acme basically uses a mechanical structure. Such organizations are designed and operated as machines. It is structured with employees specializing in specific fields with most communication done through bureaucratic processes. There are usually clear lines of authority. The president of Acme, John Tyler uses a centralized management style. From Exhibit 79.1, the communication process is from top to down. As the president, he mostly just coordinates among his various managers, using the feedback and information he obtains from them. John Tyler uses this kind of structure to control his company’s mass-production of circuit boards. This kind of production is routine and thus creating a mechanical structure would be most suitable. This approach is also
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