Public Health Issue: Smoking This essay is aimed to explore, analyse and discuss smoking in adults. Smoking is a public health issue as such is one of the major contributors to high mortality and ill-health in the adults which is preventable (Health and Excellence Care (NICE) (2012). The United Kingdom (UK) is known to have the highest number of people with a history of smoking among people with low socio-economic status (Scriven and Garman, 2006; Goddard and Green, 2005). Smoking is considered a serious epidemic in the UK and the National institute for Health and Excellence Care (NICE, 2012) stated that 28% of adults with low economic status are tobacco smokers compared with 13% of those with economic status or having professional
According to the Australian Government Department of Health website (2013), The National Tobacco Campaign (NTC) is a nationally recognised health promotion movement (provided under the organisation QuitNow Australia and launched by the Australian Department of Health and Ageing in 2011) aimed at providing smokers with the appropriate motivation and support aimed at achieving adequate behaviour change regarding addictive (tobacco use) behaviours (Department of Health and Ageing, 2012). It is also considered the highest evaluated national health promotion campaign in Australia due to its accomplished rates in producing successful behaviour change, the ability
Research Summary Research Summary BSB113 BSB113 Tutor: Thamarasi Kularatne Tutor: Thamarasi Kularatne Student Number: N9138587 Student Number: N9138587 Carson Ly Carson Ly Due Date: September 26 2014 ndjdcjjdjdj2012012222014 Due Date: September 26 2014 ndjdcjjdjdj2012012222014 Smoking is recognised as the largest single preventable cause of death and disease in Australia. It is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, cancer, emphysema, bronchitis, asthma, renal disease and eye disease. Tobacco contains the powerfully addictive stimulant nicotine, which can make smoking a regular and long-term habit that is not easy to quit (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014). Statistics show
This is essentially why the Council of Australia created a partnership between all levels of Government, to work with the aboriginal communities to ‘close the gap. In 2012, the “close the gap” campaign, managed by Mr Justin Mohamed chair of the NACCHO, stated that the smoking rate of aboriginals is at 47% and in 2013 the ‘close the gap’ campaign has activities in place such as “Develop Regional Implementation”, which “cut down smoking by 20%” of those over the age of 15 who smoke. This has decreased the chance of cancer and lowers mortality rates and is slowly closing the gap between indigenous and non-indigenous men and women of Australia. The new anti-smoking campaign for 2016 was released on the 2nd of May, which looks at smoking in all Australian people and has also included advertisements with indigenous people talking about their aim to be healthy and give up smoking and not to become a statistic. According to the Victorian Health Department, indigenous people over the age of 15, are “2.8 times more likely to be daily smokers” (Healthgovau, 2016)than any
Introduction: “Smoking rates have halved in Australians over the past 30 years, falling below 16%. Except for in Indigenous populations, smoking rates have remained at more than twice this level, with even higher rates reported in remote communities” (RACGP, 2013) The inequality that has been faced by Indigenous people is still at an unacceptable level, and has “been identified as a human rights concern by the United Nations” (Dick, 2007). Smoking is a major issue because, “it is the most preventable contributor to the gap in life expectancy between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples” (Ivers, 2011). “Smoking contributes to 17% of the life expectancy gap” (Australian Government: Department for Health and Welfare, 2011). The socio-economic disadvantage faced by Indigenous people leads to the addiction of tobacco, which can be caused by many factors including; their position on the social gradient, education, social exclusion, their employment status and their social support. There is a lack of developed personal skills on the health risks of tobacco, “some Aboriginals don’t identify smoking as a health issue” (Korff, 2014), due to the history of Aboriginal people around smoking. As well as first hand smoke, passive smoking also contributes to poor health, especially for children. Smoking is the major cause for heart disease, stroke, some cancers, lung diseases and a variety of other conditions (HealthInfoNet.ecu.edu.au, 2013). “If we could reduce tobacco consumption levels
And Could You Supersize That, Please? Abstract: Fat has been termed the "new tobacco" by the Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation, because of the high general risk of an individual eventually becoming obese. For children of the 21st century, obesity is one of the most diseases. There are many causes/factors that lead to obesity but researchers identify genetics, overeating and a lack of exercise as three of the major causes. As a result of obesity, children suffer from both immediate and long-term effects on health and well-being. The Center of Disease and Control Prevention identifies states that obese children are at greater risk for bone and joint problems, sleep apnea, and social and psychological problems such as stigmatization and
The Editorial begins their Next the columnist begins a strongly worded evidenced-based approach by discussing the declining percentage of regular smokers. The Editorial begins to bring in numerous sources of evidence such as Anti-Cancer Council data and the survey results of Victorians from 1998 to 2006. This use of scientific statistics shows the reader that The Editorial offers an expertise point of view into the issue and has genuine factual evidence to back up their arguments. This would reassure the reader
Reflective Response - 600 words Researching the issue of smoking and tobacco addiction in Russia has allowed me to learn more about the history and culture of the country, and increase my understanding about the effects of smoking in Russian-speaking communities. Although no one in my close family smokes, I was surrounded by smokers when growing up and the issue of smoking remained unaddressed until I moved to Australia, where there are many anti-smoking campaigns and education about the effect of drugs on the mind and body. After researching the topic, I realised that my knowledge and understanding about this issue had been very minor before conducting this investigation.
California's legislative experience exemplifies the role of tobacco interests. For instance, Proposition 99, an initiative petition for a 25-cent growth in tobacco tax per package with additional profit devoted to study, needy care, and anti-tobacco education, was accepted by the voters in 1988 only after long and unsuccessful attempt to development tobacco taxation and community education about tobacco over federal regulation (Chaloupka, Straif, and Leon, 236). Fearing the innate power of anti-smoking education, tobacco interests have worked to reduce the percentage of the monies allocated to the public education campaign that has contributed to the strong decline in smoking prevalence. The tobacco industry has recruited surprising allies,
It is crucial that tobacco usage in the United States ends because tobacco not only negatively affects the user, but also the people indirectly exposed, and as a result, the economy. Tobacco appears to be very profitable as a consumable product to the nation because of its wide usage, but
Community Strategic Plan: Part B, Strategic Plan Lindsay M. Quiazon Dr. Crudeline Gray NURS 561 Health Promotion and Disease Prevention July 30, 2017 West Coast University In the community assessment of San Fernando valley part, A, it was mentioned that there are many chronic illnesses such as heart disease, asthma, diabetes and obesity that are caused
Smoking trends in high socio-economic and industrialised western areas have declined, but in low to middle income areas they have increased. "In Australia, daily cigarette smoking has declined by 0.6 percentage points per year over a similar time (from 22.4% of adults aged 18 + years in 2001 to 14.5% in 2015)" ref 10. Living in poverty and using tobacco products only worsens people's conditions as there is less available money to spend on necessities such as food, water, proper shelter, warm clothing and proper education. This means that food security decreases and becomes more common as money spent on smoking increases. In New South Wales there is a distinct difference in the amount from income earned spent on smoking between high and low income earners. High income earners spent nearly 3% compared with low income earners that spent 20% of their income on smoking. Where people live is also a determinant of smoking. In 2014 to 2015, people living in outer regional and remote areas of Australia had higher rates of daily smoking with 20.9% compared with those people in inner regional areas at 16.7% or major cities 13.0%. (Australian Buero of Statistics). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in 2008 had a much higher rate of daily smoking at 47.7%. (Australian National Preventive Health Agency (ANPHA), Evidence Brief: Smoking and Disadvantage 2013). Considering all these determinants with a poorly planned and funded environment, quitting smoking becomes nearly impossible hence prevention strategies should be employed to help reduce the prevalence of tobacco use and eventually cease the sale of tobacco
F. Results Figure1 Figure2 Figure3 From my primary research I found that Figure 1 shows that across all age groups men are more likely to smoke than women. Based on the Pie Chart above it’s quite obvious that in 2014 20% of men aged 16 and over smoked compared with 17% of women. Smoking prevalence is seems to be at its highest when it comes to young adults, 23% of those aged 16-24 and 24% among the 25-34 age group Actin Smoking and Health (ASH). However smoking looks to be at its lowest among people aged 55 and over. Even though they are more likely than younger people to have ever been smokers, they now seem to be more likely to have stopped smoking due to one thing or the other.
Introduction The topic of marketing, tobacco, and ethics is a fantastic topic to stimulate conversations on ethics in general. In 2001 India considered the banning of tobacco product advertising which led to a huge debate in ethics, marketing and the role of government. The many deaths and lives touched negatively by tobacco while corporate entities have gotten rich is a battle ground rich with examples and research. I personally am an ex-smoker and smoked for over 15 years of my life before I quit. There are many good reasons to quit smoking but smoking always my choice. I have seen many different regulations applied and experienced the pressures of graphic pictures on packs of cigarettes that are designed to influence your desire to quit personally. Is it ethically okay to ban smoking advertising?
Smoking prevalence trends in Indigenous Australians, 1994-2004: a typical rather than an exceptional epidemic. Thomas DP. Int J Equity Health. 2009 Oct 31;8:37.