Summary Chapter 4 The Industrialization Of China

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Mark explains in Chapter 4 why the Europeans were able to industrialize and why China and India did not. He says the Europeans were heavily focused on trade, variety of specializations, and improved transportation. While the biological old regime and the particularities of China's situation was pushing it toward an increasingly labor-intensive agri-culture, rather than toward an industrial revolution. He explains that Europe’s coal and colonies propelled them. The author talks about India and how important it was around the 1700. India around 1700 was the largest exporter of cotton textiles in the world and supplied textiles not just to meet English demand, but throughout the world as well... and that India accounted for fully one quarter of
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