Summary : Formative And Summative Assessments

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Summary: Formative and Summative Assessments in the Classroom by Catherine Garrison and Michael Ehringhais
This article discusses the differences of formative and summative assessments; when to practice them and in what way would formative and summative assessments benefit both teacher and student. According to the article, “Formative assessment is a part of the instructional process. When incorporated into the classroom practice it provides the information needed to adjust teaching and learning while they are happening” (Garrison & Ehringhaus, 2009). Formative assessment informs both teacher and student where adjustments can be arranged. Examples of formative assessment can be asking students higher thinking questions, group discussions and assignments with no point value. “Summative assessments are given periodically to determine at a particular point in time what students know and do not know” (Garrison & Ehringhaus, 2009). Summative assessments usually have a grade. Examples of summative assessments are; state assessments, benchmarks and standardized tests. Summative assessments are a means of measuring a students’ capacity. It is crucial that both forms of assessments are used in the classroom, one assessment without the other is ineffective.

Summary: Seven Practices for Effective Learning by Jay McTighe & Ken O’Connor
This article focuses on seven practices teachers can implement in their classrooms, to help enhance learning and teaching. “Classroom assessment and
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