Geißenklösterle Cave in south western Germany is a unique site that holds artefacts from the late middle Paleolithic as well as the early upper Paleolithic. This site was occupied by Neanderthals as well as early modern humans. This causes the questions to arise; did these two cultures interact and if so, how did they effect each other? The cave holds very early symbolic art and statues as well as some of the earliest musical instruments ever found in the form of bird bone and mammoth tusk flutes. There has been controversy over the RC dates as well as how the stratigraphy of the site has been compromised with lithics and other artefacts being dated for one level but found in another, Bioturbation, most notably from cave bears, can lead to…show more content… Large blocks of limestone in geological layer 5 suggest the collapse of the outer part of the roof during the Last Glacial Maximum, but an area of 88 m is still roofed” (D. Richter, J. Waiblinger, W. J. Rink, G. A. Wagner 1999). Having a large convenient water supply would also indicate relatively available game for hunting. Due to the mammoth bone flute (36,000 years old placing it firmly in the early Aurignacian period (Lois Wingerson 2008)) found in the cave it can be surmised that the occupants hunted the large mammals. Faunal analysis has shown reindeer dominating the assemblage of the Early Aurignacian, while horse is most common in the Aurignacian with almost no reindeer (Mu¨nzel, Morel & Hahn, 1994). It is also hypothesized that small mammals played an important role in the diet of the Aurignacian people. (Nicholas J. Conard 2011).
There are multiple styles of lithic tools found at the site. The two types of blades and production are Aurignacian and Gravettien. The Aurignacian style, which is usually associated with larger blades (the longest found on site was 127mm made of brown chert), and the Gravettien which generally favored shorter blades (the longest of which was 85.2 mm made of radiolarite) (Joachim Hahn, Linda R. Owen 1985). The materials used for the Aurignacian blades were local chert and radiolarite, both obtained from the Danube (Joachim Hahn, Linda R.