Operational leaders down to the platoon and squad level have recently faced increasingly complex missions in uncertain operational environments. Accordingly, Army doctrine has shifted to officially recognize mission command, which enables leaders at the lowest level feasible to “exercise disciplined initiative” in the accomplishment of a larger mission. The operational process consists of six tenants: understand, visualize, describe, direct, lead, and assess. During the battle of Fallujah, LtGen Natonski understood the intent two levels up, visualizing courses of action for both allies and the enemy, and leading his organization into combat while directing his officers and soldiers to meet his intent. He visualized that Marines alone could not accomplish the mission. He understood that without the support of Iraqi police and a task force from the Army with
Reform of the Electoral College In the past 200 years, many aspects of our society and those of the world have changed, ranging from social morals and ethics to technology. Through the great leaps and bounds technology has made, transferring information has gone from something that could have taken weeks to virtually an effortless and instantaneous norm of everyday life. This ease of information exchange has caused many things to change, be it the growing popularity of the Internet and e-mail or the ridiculous amount of television channels ever ready to inform the average citizen of the happenings around the community, state, country, and world. With so many changes taking place, one would think that all things of importance would
Critical Reasoning and Battle Analysis: The Battle of Inchon SFC Anderson, Phillip SLC Class 15-004, 5th Platoon ABSTRACT Intelligence gathering and collection in the United States has significantly increased over time. This paper examines how intelligence reporting and pre-mission planning was crucial to the success of the United Nations involvement at The Battle of Inchon during the Korean War. By examining how intelligence played a role in this battle, you will be able to understand why it is important to gather and collect intelligence prior to every mission executed. Intelligence collection should be the baseline for all military operations. Inchon Landing has an ample amount of actionable intelligence; collected and disseminated appropriately we will discuss how it played a role in a low probability mission accomplishment to the last great amphibious assault in history. This paper provides detailed explanations on why The Battle of Inchon was a success and what could have been the outcome had it gone the other way.
In the sixth week of CIS610 – Information Warfare, we continued looking at the policies, governance, and operation of nation state information and cyber warfare. Since week five and six were combined I had already completed the readings which were required for week five and six. Along with this in week five I also completed the discussion board post and the rough draft for the major assignment. Last week in my journal I discussed the discussion board post which I created and the reading assignment and chose to leave the major assignment out of my week five journal so I would have something to discuss in week six.
Two thousand nine hundred people from fifty-four countries were killed on September 11, 2001. In response to this tragedy, the United States of America passed the USA PATRIOT Act, an acronym standing for Uniting and strengthening America by providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act, on October
Freeman Teague Jr. effectively expresses the importance and complexity of communication. At one time the U.S. Army defined communication as the exchange and flow of information and ideas from one person to another; it involves a sender transmitting an idea, information, or feeling to a receiver (Clark, 2015). Throughout this paper we will expound on key communication failures that were exposed during Operation Anaconda. The overall verdict is that Anaconda’s outcome was a success, but its original plan was a resounding failure. Many things contributed to the failure, but this paper will focus on the communication aspect.
The United States, with its coalition partners, has committed to degrade and destroy the terrorist group known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). This group poses a threat to the people of the Middle East, as well as to the United States, our allies, and interests
The United States and coalition partners are committed to end the reign of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). Working together in Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) the U.S. and coalition forces form a Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF-OIR). The CJFT-OIR has successfully flown over 10,000 air-strikes and
What did you do during the C.O.D. War? When Ted Turner was launching his cable-TV empire in the '80s, he paid the bills by selling commercial space to anyone who had anything to sell.
Communication. Although the FM 3-37.2 did have an effective method to share information among coalitions. On the contrary, international coalitions were formed, making alliances, to fight terrorism and other threats, coordinators and commanders have found issues communicating to the coalition due to diverse language and culture. Therefore, leading into countries unaware of current information. Currently, coalitions aren’t communicating but commanders of the geographic area are making the decisions on what information is being given. Gradually, leaders of coalitions are having trouble with sharing information among the coalition, of course, there is no secure system that handles secret releasable information. The only way coalitions are communicating
Dissemination and fusion of information into targeting channels is often inadequate and difficult to accomplish. Determining reliability of the source and verifying the information is often very difficult (Department of the Army 2006) Some of the limitation to using OSINT is that information overload, filtering can be difficult, along with finding and searching information can take up a lot of time. It requires a large amount of analytical work from humans in order to distinguish valid, verified information from false, misleading or simply inaccurate news and information. OSINT must be
Electronic Warfare Analysis of Army SINCGARS Radios Operation tempo in cyber and electronic warfare can be described by the OODA (Observe Orient Decision Action) loop decision making process (Pace). The steps occupy a logical order of electronic attack or defense. First, a particular electromagnetic characteristic is observed by either human or electronic operators. For example, a spike in a frequency known to be used by the enemy, indicating a potential target for electronic attack, or a sudden increase in noise on friendly systems which could indicate jamming by an adversary. Orientation is the allocation of resources to either exploit or counter the observed characteristic, such as reconfiguring analog or digital tuners, clocks, or filters
Within this books first chapters, have a great deal to do with the reality of using cyber warfare for cyber intelligence. Cyber espionage brings a new edge to the United States in the ability to steal secrets or even access information that the enemy is keeping secret, from military plans to key economic secrets, the capabilities are endless. Cyber
“World War I demonstrated that if speed were the major consideration, the radio provided the method of transmitting orders and information that no other means could duplicate. “ Radar could now identify objects beneath the seas and in the air. Effective communications now could be accomplished between a tank and aircraft this would prove to be a significant advantage to the Germans Blitzkrieg. We can trace back to one of the first computers that allowed us to quickly decode the German Enigma code. Today, we see countless advances in communication that have changed the way we conduct mission command through information systems that give us unit locations down to the Soldier level. Information and data are now at a staffs finger tips to process and analysis to make even quicker and timely decisions on the
With “systems of systems” fielded within the DOD both structured and unstructured data may be fused into actionable intelligence or PIR’s answered for combatant commanders. With accurate intelligence this may influence commanders and policymakers to act or not. The technological help of the systems gives more credibility. An adversary may be more nefarious as originally thought or vice versa.