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Summary Of Cults And Religions Have Important Differences

Decent Essays
This article is titled “Cults and Religions Have Important Differences” and it was written by Stephen Shoemaker. This article was published in 2013 on Opposing Viewpoints. Stephen Shoemaker received his Ph.D. in 1997 from Duke University. He teaches courses on Christian traditions and in an article from the University or Oregon it says “Prof. Shoemaker has been awarded research fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the National Endowment for the Humanities.” (REL). These are only a few of the fellowships that Shoemaker has received over the years. On top of his degrees and fellowships, Shoemaker has written multiple books, articles…show more content…
The language in this article shows that it was written for the general readership,and is understandable. To support his main points Shoemaker uses Bible quotes and verses to show the differences between cults and religions and cults and also information obtained from historians. However, Shoemaker’s article is biased towards the fact that cults are bad and harmful to society. Shoemaker makes a few points towards the idea that cults are bad on example is he says “Cult religion traffics in guilt and shame. It preys upon people with heavy guilt and shame and offers a false solution: total commitment to the cult” (Shoemaker). This quotation was in his third section of the article which was titled “Trafficking in Guilt and Shame”. In his seventh section which is “Breaking with the World” he refers to the idea that cults do not see the world as a creation made by God and that the world is corrupt. He says “Cult religion does not see the world as the good creation of God. The world is under the spell of the devil. It is unalterably corrupt. The world will always be against the true and righteous cult. Such a view aids and abets paranoid thinking. The cult sees itself as children of light living in the midst of children of darkness (everybody else)” (Shoemaker). Although Shoemaker is a tad biased in this article he does has information to back up his…show more content…
To backup Shoemaker’s ideas he uses quotes from the Bible such as Mark 13:32 and 2 Corinthians 11:20-21. In his article he uses layman’s terms throughout it and does not have any terms that are not understandable to the average reader. A few of the paragraphs are shorter so there is not as much evidence to support what he is saying, but the evidence is does have is backed up to an extent. However his arguments are logical and they are relevant to his topic and the main point of his
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