Summary Of Immanuel Kant And Mill's Utilitarianism

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Since ancient times people have been questioning the morality of their decisions. Many turned to religion to guide their actions, while some fortunate few could spend the time to decide for themselves. Reality has a way of clouding judgment, but having a clear understanding of what is and isn't moral acts as a lodestone on the path to making moral decisions. The principals of morality have not changed much in the span of recorded history, so understanding the thoughts of those fortunate thinkers before us is an important catalyst to developing a strong moral code of our own. But, there have been thousands of such thinkers in the past, so it becomes prudent to limit the scope of our evaluation. Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are two very important ethical philosophers in western thought who hold contrasting but similarly influential opinions on what constitutes a moral action. To summarize the question: Between Kant's Deontological ethics and Mill's Utilitarianism, which is the best approach to making moral decisions? To answer this question clearly and with minimal digressions, an example applicable to both fields of thought is useful. The trolley problem is a prime example to use given its prevalence. To summarize the example: There is a train track that forks at a point. There are ten people tied to the tracks on the path the train is headed down, but on the other path there is only one person tied to the tracks. You are standing safely on a platform with the lever
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