Summary Of Meditations On First Philosophy By Rene Descartes

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To dream is to be free, yet, when people dream, they believe that their lives stop to such a degree that their desires are in control of a world that has no limits, one which is a construct of their mind. When the individual dreams, is the life in their slumber the projection of what is, or what can be. How can their understanding of what is real or valid be held to a standard? A better question “How do I know what exists” should provide a better foundation for this paper in which a thorough analysis of the seventh-century philosopher, René Descartes’, will underscore one of his most pondered experiences. Found in his writings “Meditations on First Philosophy,” published in 1641, Descartes’ writes in six different chapters, known as the meditations, on such topics as the method of discourse, cogito ergo sum, and a metaphysical/ontological argument to prove a higher being exists. Descartes’s argument in the Meditations assumes that we as humans are incapable of trusting our senses and perceptions. Whereas Aristotelian’s set themselves on the belief that human experience is obtained via the senses and mental states of an individual, Descartes’ frames the basis of his argument around a new concept of mind, matter, ideas, and a great deal else besides. In the First Meditation, Descartes’ employs an active case of skepticism, asking the question “How can we be certain of anything” with deductions via the doctrine of radical doubt. In the case of extreme doubt, one is put forth
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