4. Which broad impressions about American life are upheld; any challenged? I thought cities had more diversity, more poverty, and low income household than suburb areas and this was supported by the above data. I learned that the increase of wealth and income in a small community hinders the rest of community where middle and low income families live. The ability to live in a “good” neighborhood is linked to income. Income can be one of the factors that determine how a region can be segregated. Even in the city, the income of the household separates the lower income families from the higher income families. High income families tend to live together and low income families tend to live in the same
Political Force The author explained how the government established policies and initiatives that created ghettos and suburbs. The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is a program that helped citizens become homeowners by lending loans. However, only certain neighborhoods qualified for those loans. Research and data were used to prove that certain areas were considered a loss of investment. The
There are many changes that I have observed in my neighborhood since living here for 21 years. There has been a recent migration of homeowners moving out of the neighborhoods. The home owners are either renting out their homes, to a new influx of section 8 tenants or they have chosen to walk away from their homes leaving many in the area to go into foreclosure. Foreclosure and crime are two of the biggest element of change that I have noticed in my neighborhood, and many of these problems arise from the economy, health and illness, and familial structure breakdown.
Historically, many of the suburban towns and neighborhoods around the major U.S. cities served as homes to poor and minority residents, offering cheaper living spaces due to the marginalized and inconvenient geographical locations with several negative reputations. Yet, given the big cities’ overcrowded environment and expensive living cost, these suburban areas are now popular destinations for people who seek for a less-crowded and affordable neighborhood to dwell. According to statistics by Kolko (2016), in 2015, the population of overall U.S. suburban neighborhoods increased by 159 million people, while only the total of less than 80 million
Poverty in Texas Since the beginning of time there has been separation of economic classes; the poor, middle class, working class, and upper class. Most people are considered or identifies as middle class or the working class.
Neighborhoods and Violent Crime: A Multilevel study of Collective Efficacy Research Question The authors hypothesized in their study that concentrated disadvantage would decrease and residential stability would increase the collective efficacy of a neighborhood. In the study, concentrated disadvantage and residential stability were examined to determine if there is a relationship with
Moreover, according to census tracking gentrified areas are in located in populations that have higher educated individuals. As well as the factor of money and the costs of homes, detailing that those living in the area now are well paid. Gentrification has demonstrated a gap in between the nation and its people. It has allowed the factor of money to take over, and leave the people who have originated in the area to be left with nothing. The census official’s state that locals, . “Washington, D.C., Gentrification Maps and Data.” Governing Magazine: State and Local Government News for America's Leaders, 2018, www.governing.com/gov-data/washington-dc-gentrification-maps-demographic-data.html. Estimates are shown for owner-occupied housing units
Table 2 Gender Totals and percentages Gender and age Percent Number Female Total 50.4% 49,140 Female 15-29 13.1% 12,900 Female 30-44 10.2% 9,951 Male Total 49.6% 48,331 Male 15-29 When looking at the data I see that the structure of the area is leaving some groups below others and having opportunities that others don’t. Especially when looking at the area of education people of the White race are attaining degrees and a much higher rate than individuals of Hispanic or African American races. This lack of educational attainment is giving the two races that are achieving degrees’ higher chances of advancing further in the social structure. This could be because people of those races not are bringing in the income that the others are. The very reason of education could be the cause of these people not bringing in the income they need to attain the degrees or jobs they wish to hold. Another area of inequality is the issue with housing in the area. Individuals are renting at a greater percent meaning with lack of income they are not able to purchase a house, in turn renting
Race, income, and education have shifted the demographics of my community, Huntington Park, in the past years from 1990 to 2010. In the 1990’s there was no particular social class dominating my city; the median income was $62,500. In 2010 however, my city was made up of working class individuals whose median income was about $37,651. The departure of whites contributes to urban decay in my community just as Hunter’s observations showed, where low working class came and made up the majority of the population and lived in “extreme poverty and seemingly ever-present violence (Hunter). Education also affected the class shift in my community, there was less people graduating and pursuing higher education. The 1990 census shows that 14.48% attained
When a neighborhood is gentrified it will not only change the image of it, but also the services available there (Al-Kodmany 2011, 62-63). In other words, gentrification does not only have an impact on the physical aspect of the land, but also the resources that lie there. During the 90s, the Near West Side neighborhood located near Loop, an up-scale neighborhood, sought drastic changes within the area. The changes in racial demographics in the Near West Side indicated that the health risks that affected minorities dropped in the past decade (1992-2002) (Al-Kodmany 2011,
“The impacts of the gentrification movement can be tied to systemic racism both directly and indirectly, i.e. it targets certain racial neighborhoods deliberately, and it also targets them because minorities make up the majority of the working class. Further, the reality provides a clear argument against the “mutually beneficial” argument
The metropolitan area I chose to analyze was New Orleans MA. The data collected by five new realities were greatly affected by the devastation that Hurricane Katrina caused. New Orleans was generally not able to conform to the new realities. The population of New Orleans MA dropped a total of 11% and lost more people than any other of the nation’s biggest urban areas. The New Orleans metro area is more diverse in 2012 than in 2000, with a gain of 40,577 Hispanics and 5,582 additional Asian residents. The Latino population in the metro increased to 69 % between 2000 and 2012 - a rate greater than the nation 's 50 % growth. The baby boomers clustered around the 35- to 54-year old age group in 2000 and around the 45- to 64-year old age group in 2012, mainly because of the decline and outmigration of younger populations. . In regards to education, the proportion of adults 25 years and older with less than a high school education declined, leading to a metro-wide decrease from 22
The first subject I will compare is the housing within each neighborhood. First, in the Greenbush neighborhood, the majority of people are either college students or young adults between the ages of twenty and thirty-two. It was obvious this age group lived in these homes seeing the décor on the front porches and the cars in the driveways. The average household income ranges between seventy and eighty-five thousand dollars per year (StatisticalAtlas). Just walking down the street I noticed most of the lots are designated for either college students, expensive residential homes, or parks with green spaces. The neighborhoods average price for a normal sized home would range between three hundred and three
By the 1960s many of these urban areas, with the loss of capital, jobs, and so on; began to deteriorate, and property values fell. Currently with the higher costs of property in the suburbs and other communities, there are fewer and fewer opportunities to invest small and gain a big profit; thus, making the once "undesirable" urban properties with their low property values and costs, more "desirable."
on the top and poor on the bottom. The largest class is the middle class.