Summary Of The DSM-5

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The need for a classification of mental disorders has been clear throughout the history of medicine. The American Psychiatric Association, the DSM was first published in 1984. The DSM-IV symptom criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) are somewhat lengthy, many studies showing that treatment providers have difficulty recalling all nine symptoms (American Psychological Association, 2010). The symptom inclusion criteria for the diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) have remained essentially unchanged during the past 35 years. Since there has been more revision and more research, the criteria for depressive disorders has been changed to be able to diagnose each individual more appropriately. This is why the DSM-5 was developed.…show more content…
Some symptoms that is presented in this category are depressed moods, loss of interest and enjoyment, and increased fatigability. Depending on the number and severity of the symptoms, a depressive episode can be categorized as mild, moderate, or severe. The difference of these categories depends on the duration, timing or presumed etiology. The categories are disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. In order to address concerns about the potential for the over diagnosis and treatment for bipolar disorder in children, a new diagnosis. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder was added for children with depressive disorder for children up to 12 years of age (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Which is replacing childhood bipolar. Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder is diagnosed when the mood disturbance continues for at least 2 years in adults or 1 year in children and it must be before the age of 10 years old. The intention of the proposed revisions is to create a diagnostic criteria that are developmentally appropriate for preschool children. Preschool children have been shown in research to have consistent behavioral changes after trauma, including helplessness and passivity, generalized fear, heightened arousal, cognitive confusion, nightmares and sleep disturbances, anxieties about death and
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