The Great Barrier Reef has been protected by a Marine Park since 1975 and received its World Heritage status during 1981. The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) is the Australian Government's central piece of environmental legislation that enhances the protection of The Great Barrier Reef. Marine Park Authority and other environmental campaigns aiming to protect the reef and abundant array of plants and wildlife it is home to, use a permit system to protect and reduce the reef from threats whilst monitor activities around Queensland’s coastline.
The Great Barrier Reef is one of the most beloved regions of the world but due to recent human activity in surrounding areas and subsequent sediment delivery, coral and seagrass habits within are being negatively impacted. Extending 2000km along the North-eastern Australian coast (Brodie et al., 2007), the Great Barrier Reef is a major source of income for Northern Australia and fuels the growth of local businesses. As industrialization in areas adjacent to the Great Barrier Reef lagoon have increased since European settlement (McCulloch et al., 2003), the need for more resources to compensate for human population has led to harmful land practices such as overstocking and deforestation for cattle grazing inland. These are causing a significant
There are seven amazing places in the world, that have left many in wonder. The Great Barrier Reef, Victoria Falls, Paricutin Volcano, Mount Everest, The Harbor of Rio de Janeiro, The Northern Lights and The Grand Canyon. These places are all naturally made. Naturally made places always seem more beautiful than man made places. That’s because they’re a gift from mother nature. These incredible places have lots more too them than you may think.
Coral reefs are natural formations that host around twenty-five percent of the world’s marine species, however, these reefs are majorly threatened (“Air”). The Great Barrier Reef in particular is an important marine location, home to major marine diversity with over 3,000 reefs over 1,400 miles (“Great” World Book). The Great Barrier Reef is a limestone formation made of coral polyps and algae, and lays off the coast of Queensland, Australia. For many years, this reef has been exposed to several threats. The threats facing the Great Barrier Reef include pollution, invasive species, and climate change.
The Great Barrier Reef is under threat due to many human impacts and natural impacts. These impacts lead to other consequences that may harm our society as well. For example, if the Great Barrier Reef was to be damaged by pollution, tourism levels would decrease, which can lead to a drop in the economic stance of Australia. For these reasons, it is important to keep our ecosystems safe and protected. Some of the human impacts towards the Great Barrier Reef include:
The 2,300 km Great Barrier Reef is a UNESCO World Heritage site and the world's largest protected reef system.
Barrier reefs are defined as, a coral reef running parallel to the shore but separated from it by a channel of deep water ("About The Reef“). These reefs are all over the world and are some of the most beautiful sites to see. In fact, one of the seven wonders of the natural world is a barrier reef. The Great Barrier Reef is in Australia off the Queensland coast ("About The Reef“). The reef stretches around 1,800 miles down the Queensland coast, and can get to 40 miles wide ("About The Reef“). The Great Barrier Reef is home to many animals including: 1,500 species of fish, 200 types of birds, and 20 different types of reptiles ("About The Reef “). The amount of life that lives in these waters just add to the amazement of the Great Barrier Reef. Many people go to this reef for many different reasons. People go to see the amazing coral reefs, humpback whale breeding, and many endangered species ("About The Reef”). Although there are so many beautiful aspects of the Great Barrier Reef, there are many things that make it a Not-so Great Barrier Reef.
How the Australian Great Barrier Reef Succeeds at Preservation and Sustainable Use and How it Applies to a Worldwide Problem
The Great Barrier Reef is an oceanic/costal ecosystem off the coastline of Port Douglas, Australia. There are man costal systems that are significant to the role of the Reef including coral reefs, wetlands, and rainforests etc. The reef consists of many diverse corals and is a home for over 1,500 different species of fish. The reef is unique for many distinctive reasons; a reason that is unique is that it is acknowledged as one of the most imperative biological possessions. The Reef is a complex ecosystem with numerous organisms trusting on each other for nourishment and endurance. Broadly all collections of maritime plants and animals are extravagantly signified in the Reef. The animals range from dugongs
Climate change is gradually making the coral and sea life in the reef become warmer, this is due to the sudden rise in greenhouse gasses which is creating a hotter world for us. ‘’The global surface warming trend for 1997–2015 is approximately 0.14°C per decade’’. If this trend continues it will then eventually heat up the ocean too much and then all sea life will slowly die out. ‘’Scientists project a significant loss of biodiversity within a decade, and at worst a 95 percent decrease in the distribution of Great Barrier Reef species by late this century’’. This is what could happen if we don’t find a solution to this
While government officials looked the other way, half of the coral has disappeared from along the length of the Great Barrier Reef. Additionally, vast areas of the reef’s coral have suffered serious degradation. It isn’t surprising that the area’s unique level of biodiversity is being threatened by the damage as well.
The Great Barrier Reef is a highly active ecosystem. Tropical cyclones are a major source of damage to this reef system. These storms create great waves that damage corals. They bring large amounts of fresh water onto the reef though forceful rain. The fresh water alters salinity levels, placing stress on the corals and other animals. Human’s impacts have affected the Reef for thousands of years.
Does the impact of anthropogenic processes, such as dredging, and the environmental degradation it has caused in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park outweigh the exigency for shipping channels?