Summary of the Development of Anthropological Theory from the XIX century to the Present XXI century

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(Introductory Paragraph: Containing Thesis) Since the beginning of the human species, humans have possessed an undying curiosity with their entire existence and surroundings. These curious obsessions, including that of their environments and other living organisms, have never been as strong, remarkable and lasting as the curiosity we’ve had about ourselves both collectively and individually. Two anthropologists offer the valid idea that “it is probably fair to say, wherever literate civilizations came into contact with members of different societies, something like ethnographic writing occurred” (McGee, Warms, 2012). It also seems to be plausible, even looking as far back into the human origin and history as Homo neanderthalensis, that…show more content…
This theory would be studied by philosophers throughout a wide span of time. Progressivism represents a polar opposite view to that of degeneratism. Where degeneratism would suggest deterioration from a former civilized state, progressivism suggests a beginning primitive state advancing over time into a more civilized state. Due to “the violent overthrow of the social order in France, the increasing disorder and poverty of urban life in England… revolutions, and turbulence among the lower classes” (McGee, Warms, 2012), philosophers were beginning to question their original beliefs in progressivism. It had been concluded, “clearly, if progress was to be made, its course was not smooth” (McGee, Warms, 2012). With European expansion, the exploration of new ‘worlds’ brought to focus the distributions and varieties of new plant and animal species. These new discoveries did not fit within the constructs of the traditional biblical explanations or references towards classification of species. Many scholars including philosophers, geologists, and primarily naturalists were struggling to explain and classify their new findings. With this struggle, a new classification system was created, known as Systema Naturae. By the early 19th century, “the philosophical and biological frameworks were in place” (McGee, Warms, 2012), allowing for new evolutionary theories to emerge. Charles Darwin, a famous geologist and

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