Summative Versus Formative Assessments Essay

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There are many ways in which teachers can test their students to see where they are at and what still needs to worked on. These can be broken down into two distinct categories. First there is summative testing. Summative assessments are formal tests that are constructed by professionals to compare students with other students. Summative tests are used to measure outcomes of learning over time and can be criterion or norm referenced. Comparatively assessments can also be informal. Informal assessments also known as formative are generally constructed by the student's teacher. Formative assessments are a great resource to see where a student is at and measure what needs to be learned and help prepare a student for the summative assessment.…show more content…
There are many ways in which teachers can test their students to see where they are at and what still needs to worked on. These can be broken down into two distinct categories. First there is summative testing. Summative assessments are formal tests that are constructed by professionals to compare students with other students. Summative tests are used to measure outcomes of learning over time and can be criterion or norm referenced. Comparatively assessments can also be informal. Informal assessments also known as formative are generally constructed by the student's teacher. Formative assessments are a great resource to see where a student is at and measure what needs to be learned and help prepare a student for the summative assessment. The first type of summative test is norm-referenced. This type of test is used to compare students with other students. This can be an advantage when looking at where a group of students stands in compassion to their peers. Another advantage is that these tests are are highly structured and all materials are provided so they are easily administered and machine scored so it leaves little room for any bias or other influences tainting the outcome. This however can be a disadvantage because the multiple choice doesn’t necessarily test the students higher order of thinking and the student could possibly select the correct answer when guessing what an answer should be. Another disadvantage of the norm-referenced test is that the test compares
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