Summerise the Main Development of a Child from Age Range 0-2 Years, 3-5 Years and 5-8 Years

1098 Words May 25th, 2013 5 Pages
1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years.

Development refers to the process of learning new skills and abilities, and acquiring emotional maturity. All development changes are the result of both genetic and environmental factors. Genetic factors and diet are in the main responsible for growth, whereas environmental factors such as quality of the diet and disease are responsible for the emotional growth.

‘Child development’ is the term given to the growth of babies through childhood. Although all children will go through the same stages of development, they will do so at varying speeds. There are five key stages of development that take place during the first eight years of a
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5-8 Years: Between the ages of 5-8 they will keep improving their skills. By the time a child has reached their eighth birthday, they should have the confidence to jump from heights, run distances and ride a bike without stabilisers.

Intellectual Development:
0-2 years: From the birth to three months babies have the ability to focus on objects up to few inches away from themselves. Up to six months they will begin to develop their co-ordination, enjoy bright colours and shiny things.
Between the age of six months to nine month they will be able to play simple games such as peek a boo. At nine months often a child laughs when he sees others laughing or cries when others cry. At their first birthday their intellectual development has increased. At the age of two children enjoy ‘pretend’ play and act out fantasies.

3-5 years: At three years the pretend play will continue and will be more complex. They will be able to control their pencils and brushes more accurately. They may even be able to use scissors to cut papers. At four years they will be able to understand the concept of past and future. Their drawings will be more recognisable. They will be able to build towers with blocks. At the age of five years many children will be able to count and recognise simple words. The concept of numeracy and literacy will begin to take hold.

5-8 years: Between the ages of 5-8 the children will improve on their reading skills and will be
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