Sunni-Shiite Conflict

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The Sunni and Shiite branches of Islam have been feuding for hundreds of years dating back to the beginning of the Islamic religion. The deity or god of the Sunnis is Allah. The Sunni branch of Islam is the larger of the two branches with over 80% of the Muslim population. The Sunni are the majority in most of the countries that have Islamic followers. There are a few different translations of what Sunna stands for, one of which is “Habitual Practice.” The differences between the two branches can be traced all the back to the 7th century CE when the disagreements as to who should succeed Muhammad. Sunnis believe that the Muslim community should maintain the right to select who the successor to Muhammad is going to be. The Shiite branch…show more content…
The successor to Muhammad Ali was assassinated in the city of Najaf, Iraq in the year 661. The Shia put so much emphasis on the assassination death of Ali in 661 that the city in which he was killed has become an important place of pilgrimage for some Shia Muslims. Another important figure in the eyes of the Shia Muslims is the grandson of Muhammad Husayn who was murdered in Karbala, Iraq in 680. The Shia recognize the event each year on Ashura, which is a day or mourning recognized throughout the Shia branch, with a number of Pilgrimages to the city of Karbala. (
In 2004 in the midst of the Iranian nuclear aspirations and the slow slide of Iraq into a civil war, there was talk publicly of a “Shia crescent” in the Middle East. The president in the country of Jordan who was a Sunni that proclaimed direct relation to the prophet Muhammad was the person that sounded the alarm about the “Shia crescent”, which started at the Mediterranean Sea and ended at the Persian Gulf. The crescent continued from the Caspian Sea to the Indian Ocean. Abdullah and Mubarak along with the Saudi officials suggested the threat of a divided Middle East along the sectarian lines. It would put the forever-downtrodden Shia against their Sunni rulers. They thought that the first battleground might be Iraq followed by the oil laden Persian Gulf region. If this were to occur then the Shiite leader of Iran could secure all of the oil and gas fields in

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