Supervision and Inspection in Education

2246 WordsApr 25, 20139 Pages
ASSIGNMENT 1: Supervision and inspection in an educational institution Introduction Central governments and their service ministries of education hold the responsibility for underpinning the development of education with quantitative, independent advice on the state of the system. The twin responsibilities of quality control and quality improvement are undertaken by through supervision and inspection. These give rise to the need for supervision and an element of inspection in the schools. This essay will define the terms supervision and inspection in the context of educational institutions, and then will proceed to describe the historical perspective of supervision. Although supervision is now the leading method through which…show more content…
Between 1620 and 1910, the only type of supervision was inspection, and the purpose of such supervision was monitoring rules and looking for deficiencies. It was basically fault finding. The era from 1910 saw the introduction of what is described as scientific supervision, now focussing on improving instruction and efficiency. These remain the focus of supervision till the present time, although a hoard of other types of inspection are now in use. Although inspection is still employed as a part and parcel of supervision, it is only used in so far as it is a method of data collection, and its use will depend on the nature of the supervision process. Some models of supervision exclude inspection altogether. Power and authority in supervision Neagley and Evans (1980) in Oliva and Pawlas (2004) proffer the following definition of supervision in current times: ‘Modern supervision is considered as any service for teachers that eventually results in improving instruction, learning, and the curriculum. It consists of positive, dynamic, democratic actions designed to improve instruction through the continued growth of all concerned individuals- the child, the teacher, the supervisor, the administrator, and the parent or other lay person.’ The emphasis on service, cooperation, and democracy works on the assumption that all supervision is undertaken
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